Publikationen der Forschungsgruppe des Direktors (LES)


  • D'Agostino, R. & Lionello, P.(2020). The atmospheric moisture budget in the Mediterranean: Mechanisms for seasonal changes in the Last Glacial Maximum and future warming scenario. Quaternary Science Reviews, 241: 106392.
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Lorenz, S. & Shanahan, T. (2020). The end of the African humid period as seen by transient comprehensive Earth system model simulation of the last 8000 years. Climate of the Past, 16, 117-140. doi:10.5194/cp-16-117-2020 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Hand, R., Bader, J., Matei, D., Ghosh, R. & Jungclaus, J.(2020). Changes of decadal SST variations in the Subpolar North Atlantic under strong CO2 forcing as an indicator for the ocean circulation’s contribution to Atlantic Multidecadal Variability. Journal of Climate, 33, 3213-3228. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0739.1
  • Lemburg, A.(2020). On the relationship between the Tropical Easterly Jet over West Africa and Sahel rainfall across various time scales. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.3228391 [ Fulltext]


  • Brovkin, V., Lorenz, S., Raddatz, T., Ilyina, T., Heinze , M., Stemmler, I., Toohey, M. & Claussen, M.(2019). What was the source of the atmospheric CO2 increase during Holocene?. Biogeosciences, 16, 2543-2555. doi:10.5194/bg-16-2543-2019 [ Fulltext]
  • Cao, X., Tian, F., Dallmeyer, A. & Herzschuh, U. (2019). Northern Hemisphere biome changes (>30°N) since 40 cal ka BP and their driving factors inferred from model-data comparisons. Quaternary Science Reviews, 220, 291-309. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.07.034
  • Claussen, M.(2019). Das Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie (MPI-M). In Jahrbuch 2018/2019 der Patriotischen Gesellschaft von 1765: Universitätsstadt und Bildungsrepublik (pp.18-20). [ Fulltext]
  • D'Agostino, R., Bader, J., Bordoni, S., Ferreira, D. & Jungclaus, J.(2019). Northern hemisphere monsoon response to mid-holocene orbital forcing and greenhouse gas-induced global warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 1591-1601. doi:10.1029/2018GL081589 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V.(2019). Harmonising plant funtional type distributions for evaluating Earth System Models. Climate of the Past, 15, 335-366. doi:10.5194/cp-2018-41 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Ghosh, R., Müller, W., Eichhorn, A., Baehr, J. & Bader, J.(2019). Atmospheric pathway between Atlantic multidecadal variability and European summer temperature in the atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM6. Climate Dynamics, 53, 209-224. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4578-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Hand, R., Keenlyside , N., Omrani, N.-E., Bader, J. & Greatbatch, R. (2019). The role of local surface temperature pattern changes in shaping climate change in the North Atlantic sector. Climate Dynamics, 52, 417-438. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4151-1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Herzschuh, U., Cao, X., Laepple, T., Dallmeyer, A., Telford, R., Ni, J., Chen, F., Kong, Z., Liu, G., Liu, K.-B., Liu, X., Stebich, M., Tang, L., Tian, F., Wang, Y., Wischnewski, J., Xu, Q., Yan, S., Yang, Z., Yu, G., Zhang, Y. & Zheng, Y. (2019). Position and orientation of the westerly jet determined Holocene rainfall patterns in China. Nature Communications, 10: 2376 . doi:10.1038/s41467-019-09866-8 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Jakob, C., Singh, M. & Jungandreas, L.(2019). Radiative convective equilibrium and organized convection: an observational perspective. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 5418-5430. doi:10.1029/2018JD030092 [ Fulltext]
  • Lemburg, A., Bader, J. & Claussen, M.(2019). Sahel rainfall - tropical easterly jet relationship on synoptic to intraseasonal time scales. Monthly Weather Review, 147, 1733-1752. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-18-0254.1 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Maher, N., Milinski, S., Suarez-Gutierrez, L., Botzet, M., Kornblueh, L., Takano, Y., Kröger, J., Ghosh, R., Hedemann, C., Li, C., Li, H., Manzini, E., Notz, D., Putrasahan, D., Boysen, L., Claussen, M., Ilyina, T., Olonscheck, D., Raddatz, T., Stevens, B. & Marotzke, J.(2019). The Max Planck Institute Grand Ensemble - Enabling the Exploration of Climate System Variability. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 2050-2069. doi:10.1029/2019MS001639 [ Fulltext]
  • Mauritsen, T., Bader, J., Becker, T., Behrens, J., Bittner, M., Brokopf, R., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Crueger, T., Esch, M., Fast, I., Fiedler, S., Popke, D., Gayler, V., Giorgetta, M., Goll, D., Haak, H., Hagemann, S., Hedemann, C., Hohenegger, C., Ilyina, T., Jahns, T., Jimenez Cuesta de la Otero, D., Jungclaus, J., Kleinen, T., Kloster, S., Kracher, D., Kinne, S., Kleberg, D., Lasslop, G., Kornblueh, L., Marotzke, J., Matei, D., Meraner, K., Mikolajewicz, U., Modali, K., Möbis, B., Müller, W., Nabel, J., Nam, C., Notz, D., Nyawira, S., Paulsen, H., Peters, K., Pincus, R., Pohlmann, H., Pongratz, J., Popp, M., Raddatz, T., Rast, S., Redler, R., Reick, C., Rohrschneider, T., Schemann, V., Schmidt, H., Schnur, R., Schulzweida, U., Six, K., Stein, L., Stemmler, I., Stevens, B., von Storch, J., Tian, F., Voigt, A., de Vrese, P., Wieners, K.-H., Wilkenskjeld, S., Roeckner, E. & Winkler, A.(2019). Developments in the MPI-M Earth System Model version 1.2 (MPI-ESM1.2) and its response to increasing CO2. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 998-1038. doi:10.1029/2018MS001400 [ Fulltext]
  • Tyrlis, E., Manzini, E., Bader, J., Ukita, J., Hisahi, N. & Matei, D.(2019). Ural blocking driving extreme Arctic sea-ice loss, cold eurasia and stratospheric vortex weakening in autumn and early winter 2016-2017. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 11313-11329. doi:10.1029/2019JD031085 [ Fulltext]
  • Weitzel, N., Wagner, S., Sjolte, J., Klockmann, M., Bothe, O., Andres, H., Tarasov, L., Rehfeld, K., Zorita, E., Widmann, M., Sommer, P., Schaedler, G., Ludwig, P., Kapp, F., Jonkers, L., Garcia-Pintado, J., Fuhrmann, F., Dolman, A., Dallmeyer, A. & Brücher, T. (2019). Diving into the past - a paleo data-model comparison workshop on the Late Glacial and Holocene. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, ES1-ES4. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0169.1 [ Fulltext]


  • Adloff, M., Reick, C. & Claussen, M.(2018). Earth system model simulations show different feedback strengths of the terrestrial carbon cycle under glacial and interglacial conditions. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 413-425. doi:10.5194/esd-9-413-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S., Claussen, M. & Reick, C.(2018). Rapid increase in simulated North Atlantic dust deposition due to fast change of northwest African landscape during Holocene. Climate of the Past, 14, 1051-1066. doi:10.5194/cp-14-1051-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S.(2018). Linking marine dust records to Saharan landscape evolution during the Holocene: a theoretical study. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2552057 [ Fulltext]
  • Kalidindi, S., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2018). Two drastically different climate states on an Earth-like terra-planet. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 739-756. doi:10.5194/esd-9-739-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Marquer, L., Dallmeyer, A., Poska, A., Pongratz, J., Smith, B. & Gaillard, M.-J. (2018). Modeling past human-induced vegetation change is a challenge – the case of Europe. Past Global Changes Magazine, 26, 12-13. doi:1022498/pages.26.1.12 [ Fulltext]
  • Mikolajewicz, U., Ziemen, F., Cioni, G., Claussen, M., Fraedrich, K., Heidkamp, M., Hohenegger, C., Jiménez de la Cuesta, D., Kapsch, M.-L., Lemburg, A., Mauritsen, T., Meraner, K., Röber, N., Schmidt, H., Six, K., Stemmler, I., Tamarin-Brodsky, T., Winkler, A., Zhu, X. & Stevens, B.(2018). The climate of a retrograde rotating earth. Earth System Dynamics, 9, 1191-1215. doi:10.5194/esd-9-1191-2018 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian , F., Cao, X., Dallmeyer, A., Lohmann, G., Zhang, X., Ni, J., Andreev, A., Anderson, P., Lozhkin, A., Bezrukova, E., Rudaya, N., Xu, Q. & Herzschuh, U. (2018). Biome changes and their inferred climatic drivers in northern and eastern continental Asia at selected times since 40 cal ka bp. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 27, 365-379. doi:10.1007/s00334-017-0653-8
  • Viehberg, F., Just, J., Dean, J., Wagner, B., Franz, S., Klasen, N., Kleinen, T., Ludwig, P., Asrat, A., Lamb, H., Leng, M., Rethemeyer, J., Milodowski, A., Claussen, M. & Schäbitz, F. (2018). Environmental change during MIS4 and MIS3 opened corridors in the Horn of Africa for Homo sapiens expansion. Quaternary Science Reviews, 202, 139-153. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.09.008 [ Fulltext]
  • von Storch, H., Meinke, I. & Claussen, M. (Eds.). (2018). Hamburger Klimabericht – Wissen über Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Hamburg. Berlin: Springer Spektrum. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-55379-4 [ Fulltext]
  • von Storch, H., Meinke, I. & Claussen, M.(2018). Einleitung und Zusammenfassung. In von Storch, H., Meinke, I. & Claussen, M. (Eds.), Hamburger Klimabericht – Wissen über Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Hamburg (pp.1-11). Berlin: Springer Spektrum. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-55379-4_1 [ Fulltext]


  • Brasseur, G., Becker, P., Claussen, M., Jacob, D., Schellhuber, H.-J. & Schuck-Zöller, S. (2017). Klimawandel in Deutschland: Einführung. In Brasseur, G., Jacob, D. & Schuck-Zöller, S. (Eds.), Klimawandel in Deutschland: Entwicklung, Folgen, Risiken und Perspektiven (pp.1 -4). Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-662-50397-3_1 [ Fulltext]
  • Cao, X., Tian, F., Telford, R., Ni, J., Xu, Q., Chen, F., Liu, X., Stebich, M., Zhao, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Impacts of the spatial extent of pollen-climate calibration-set on the absolute values, range and trends of reconstructed Holocene precipitation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 178, 37-53. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.10.030
  • Claussen, M., Dallmeyer, A. & Bader, J.(2017). Theory and modeling of the African humid period and the green Sahara. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Climate Science Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228620.013.532
  • Claussen, M.(2017). Klimawandel – spekulative Theorien, Kontroversen, Paradigmenwechsel?. Debatte, 17, 16-24. [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Ni, J., Cao, X., Wang, Y., Fischer , N., Pfeiffer, M., Jin , L., Khon, V., Wagner, S., Haberkorn, K. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Holocene biome changes in Asia - an analysis of different transient Earth system model simulations. Climate of the Past, 13, 107-134. doi:10.5194/cp-13-107-2017 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S., Claussen, M., Reick, C. & Stanelle, T. (2017). Could gradual changes in Holocene Saharan landscape have caused the observed abrupt shift in North Atlantic dust deposition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 473, 104-112. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2017.06.010
  • Eichhorn, A. & Bader, J.(2017). Impact of tropical Atlantic sea-surface temperature biases on the simulated atmospheric circulation and precipitation over the Atlantic region: An ECHAM6 model study. Climate Dynamics, 49, 2061-2075. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3415-x [ Fulltext]
  • Ghosh, R., Müller, W., Baehr, J. & Bader, J.(2017). Impact of observed North Atlantic multidecadal variations to European summer climate: a linear baroclinic response to surface heating. Climate Dynamics, 38, 3547-3563. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3283-4 [ Fulltext]
  • Groner, V.(2017). Effects of plant diversity on simulated climate-vegetation interaction towards the end of the African Humid Period. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.2479574 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., Cao, X., Dallmeyer, A., Zhao, Y., Ni, J. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Pollen-climate relationships in time (9 ka, 6 ka, 0 ka) and space (upland vs. lowland) in eastern continental Asia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 156, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.11.027
  • Wang, Y., Bekeschus, B., Handorf, D., Liu, X., Dallmeyer, A. & Herzschuh, U. (2017). Coherent tropical-subtropical Holocene see-saw moisture patterns in the eastern hemisphere monsoon systems. Quaternary Science Reviews, 169, 231-242. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.06.006


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Scheffer, M., Dakos, V. & van Nes, E. (2016). Simple tipping or complex transition? Lessons from a green Sahara. PAGES Magazine, 24, 20-21. [ Fulltext]
  • Brücher, T., Brzoska, M., Claussen, M., Cook, K., Link, P., Link, J., Mbow, C. & Scheffran, J. (Eds.). (2016). Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa [Special Issue].Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa
  • Crippa, M., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Dentener, F., Guizzardi, D., Sindelarova, K., Muntean, M., Van Dingenen, R. & Granier, C.(2016). Forty years of improvements in European air quality: Regional policy-industry interactions with global impacts. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, 3825-3841. doi:10.5194/acp-16-3825-2016 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • de Vrese, P., Hagemann, S. & Claussen, M.(2016). Asian irrigation, African rain: remote impacts of irrigation. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 3737-3745. doi:10.1002/2016GL068146 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Egerer, S., Claussen, M., Reick, C. & Stanelle, T. (2016). The link between marine sediment records and changes in Holocene Saharan landscape: simulating the dust cycle. Climate of the Past, 12, 1009-1027. doi:10.5194/cp-12-1009-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Lasslop, G., Brovkin, V., Reick, C., Bathiany, S. & Kloster, S.(2016). Multiple stable states of tree cover in a global land surface model due to a fire-vegetation feedback. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 6324-6331. doi:10.1002/2016GL069365 [ Fulltext]
  • Latif, M., Claussen, M., Schulz, M. & Brücher, T. (2016). Comprehensive Earth system models of the last glacial cycle. EOS, 97. doi:10.1029/2016EO059587
  • Milinski, S., Bader, J., Haak, H., Siongco, A. & Jungclaus, J.(2016). High atmospheric horizontal resolution eliminates the wind-driven coastal warm bias in the southeastern tropical Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 10,455 -10,462. doi:10.1002/2016GL070530 [ Fulltext]
  • Omrani, N.-E., Bader, J., Keenlyside, N. & Manzini, E.(2016). Troposphere–stratosphere response to large-scale North Atlantic Ocean variability in an atmosphere/ocean coupled model. Climate Dynamics, 46, 1397-1415. doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2654-6
  • Park, J.-Y., Bader, J. & Matei, D.(2016). Anthropogenic Mediterranean warming essential driver for present and future Sahel rainfall. Nature Climate Change, 6, 941-945. doi:10.1038/nclimate3065
  • Port, U., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V.(2016). Radiative forcing and feedback by forests in warm climates – a sensitivity study. Earth System Dynamics, 7, 535-547. doi:10.5194/esd-7-535-2016 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., Cao, X., Dallmeyer, A., Ni, J., Zhao, Y., Wang, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2016). Quantitative woody cover reconstructions from eastern continental Asia of the last 22 kyr reveal strong regional peculiarities. Quaternary Science Reviews, 137, 33-44. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.001
  • Voigt, A., Biasutti, M., Scheff, J., Bader, J., Bordoni, S., Codron, F., Dixon, R., Jonas, J., Kang, S., Klingaman, N., Leung, R., Lu, J., Mapes, B., Maroon, E., McDermid, S., Park, J.-Y., Roehrig, R., Rose, B., Russell, G., Seo, J., Toniazzo, T., Wei, H.-H., Yoshimori, M. & Zeppetello, L. (2016). The tropical rain belts with an annual cycle and a continent model intercomparison project: TRACMIP. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 8, 1868-1891. doi:10.1002/2016MS000748 [ Fulltext]


  • Bruecher, T., Claussen, M. & Raddatz, T.(2015). Implications of land use changes in tropical West Africa under global warming. Earth System Dynamics, 6, 769-780. doi:10.5194/esd-6-769-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M.(2015). Das große Fliegengewicht: Vegetation und ihre Wechselwirkungen mit dem globalen Klima. In Marotzke, J. & Stratmann, M. (Eds.), Die Zukunft des Klimas (pp.137-152). München: C.H. Beck.
  • Claussen, M., Scheffran, J. & Bruecher, T.(2015). Climate, land use, and conflict in Northern Africa. EOS - Earth and Space Science News, 95.
  • Dallmeyer, A., Herzschuh, U., Claussen, M., Ni, J., Wang, Y., Mischke, S. & Cao, X. (2015). Vegetation, climate, man—Holocene variability in monsoonal Central Asia. In Schulz, M. & Paul, A. (Eds.), Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC) (pp.97-102). Cham: Springer .
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Fischer, N., Haberkorn, K., Wagner , S., Pfeiffer, M., Jin, L., Khon, V., Wang, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2015). The evolution of sub-monsoon systems in the Afro-Asian monsoon region during the Holocene comparison of different transient climate model simulations. Climate of the Past, 11, 305-326. doi:10.5194/cp-11-305-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Deutsches Klimakonsortium (2015). Perspektiven für die Klimaforschung 2015 bis 2025: Positionspapier. Berlin: DKK. [ Fulltext]
  • Drijfhout, S., Bathiany, S., Beaulieu, C., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Huntingford, C., Scheffer, M., Sgubin, G. & Swingedouw, D. (2015). Catalogue of abrupt shifts in Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate models. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 112, E5777-E5786. doi:10.1073/pnas.1511451112 [ Fulltext]
  • Groner, V., Claussen, M. & Reick, C.(2015). Palaeo plant diversity in subtropical Africa – ecological assessment of a conceptual model of climate–vegetation interaction. Climate of the Past, 11, 1361-1374. doi:10.5194/cp-11-1361-2015 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Link, M., Bruecher, T., Claussen, M., Link, J. & Scheffran, J. (2015). The nexus of climate change, land use, and conflict: complex human-environment interactions in Northern Africa. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96, 1561-1564. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00037.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Port, U. & Claussen, M.(2015). Transitivity of the climate–vegetation system in a warm climate. Climate of the Past, 11, 1563-1574. doi:10.5194/cp-11-1563-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Port, U., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V.(2015). Radiative forcing by forest and subsequent feedbacks in the early Eocene climate. Climate of the Past Discussions, 11, 997-1029. doi:10.5194/cpd-11-997-2015 [ Fulltext]
  • Seitzinger, S., Gaffney, O., Brasseur, G., Broadgate, W., Ciais, P., Claussen, M., Erisman, J., Kiefer, T., Lancelot, C., Monks, P., Smyth, K., Syvitski, J. & Uematsu, M. (2015). International Geosphere–Biosphere Programme and Earth system science: Three decades of co-evolution. Anthropocene, 12, 3-16. doi:10.1016/j.ancene.2016.01.001 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Brovkin, V.(2014). CO2-induced Sahel greening in CMIP5 Earth System Models. Journal of Climate, 27, 7163-7184. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00528.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M., Bathiany, S., Brovkin, V. & Kleinen, T.(2014). Abrupt or not abrupt - biodiversity affects climate-vegetation interaction at the end of the African Humid Period. In European Geoscience Union (EGU), General Assembly: Geophysical Research Abstracts (pp.EGU2014-13398-). [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Houghton, R. & House, J. (2014). Terminology as a key uncertainty in net land use and land cover change carbon flux estimates. Earth System Dynamics, 5, 177-195. doi:10.5194/esd-5-177-2014 [ Fulltext]
  • Port , U.(2014). Vegetation-atmosphere interactions in the early Eocene climate. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Universität Hamburg. [ Fulltext]
  • Vamborg, F., Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M.(2014). Background albedo dynamics improve simulated precipitation variability in the Sahel region. Earth System Dynamics, 5, 89-101. doi:10.5194/esdd-4-595-2013 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S.(2013). Analysis of multistability and abrupt transitions - method studies with a global atmosphere-vegetation model simulating the end of the African Humid Period. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Hamburg University. doi:10.17617/2.1602269 [ Fulltext]
  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Fraedrich, K.(2013). Detecting hotspots of atmosphere-vegetation interaction via slowing-down. Part 2: Applications to a global climate model. Earth System Dynamics, 4, 79-83. doi:10.5194/esd-4-79-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Fraedrich, K.(2013). Detecting hotspots of atmosphere-vegetation interaction via slowing down. Part 1: A stochastic approach. Earth System Dynamics, 4, 63-78. doi:10.5194/esd-4-63-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Brovkin, V., Boysen, L., Raddatz, T., Gayler, V., Loew, A. & Claussen, M.(2013). Evaluation of vegetation cover and land-surface albedo in MPI-ESM CMIP5 simulations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 48-57. doi:10.1029/2012MS000169 [ Fulltext]
  • Brovkin, V., Boysen, L., Arora, V., Boisier, J., Cadule, P., Chini, L., Claussen, M., Friedlingstein, P., Gayler, V., van den Hurk, B., Hurtt, G., Jones, C., Kato, E., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Pacifico, F., Pongratz, J. & Weiss, M. (2013). Effect of anthropogenic land-use and land cover changes on climate and land carbon storage in CMIP5 projections for the 21st century. Journal of Climate, 26, 6859-6881. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00623.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M., Bathiany, S., Brovkin, V. & Kleinen, T.(2013). Simulated climate-vegetation interaction in semi-arid regions affected by plant diversity. Nature Geoscience, 6, 954-958. doi:10.1038/ngeo1962
  • Claussen, M., Selent, K., Brovkin, V., Raddatz, T. & Gayler, V.(2013). Impact of CO2 and climate on Last Glacial maximum vegetation – a factor separation. Biogeosciences, 10, 3593-3604. doi:10.5194/bg-10-3593-2013 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Wang, Y. & Herzschuh, U. (2013). Spatial variability of Holocene changes in the annual precipitation pattern - a model-data synthesis for the Asian monsoon region. Climate Dynamics, 40, 2919-2936. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1550-6 [ Fulltext]
  • Giorgetta, M., Jungclaus, J., Reick, C., Legutke, S., Bader, J., Böttinger, M., Brovkin, V., Crueger, T., Esch, M., Fieg, K., Glushak, K., Gayler, V., Haak, H., Hollweg, H.-D., Ilyina, T., Kinne, S., Kornblueh, L., Matei, D., Mauritsen, T., Mikolajewicz, U., Mueller, W., Notz, D., Pithan, F., Raddatz, T., Rast, S., Redler, R., Roeckner, E., Schmidt, H., Schnur, R., Segschneider, J., Six, K., Stockhause, M., Timmreck, C., Wegner, J., Widmann, H., Wieners, K.-H., Claussen, M., Marotzke, J. & Stevens, B.(2013). Climate and carbon cycle changes from 1850 to 2100 in MPI-ESM simulations for the coupled model intercomparison project phase 5. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 572-597. doi:10.1002/jame.20038 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J.(2013). Plant a tree, but tend it well. Nature, 498, 47-48. doi:10.1038/498047a
  • Schneider, N., Quaas, J., Claussen, M. & Reick, C.(2013). Satellite-based analysis of clouds and radiation properties of different vegetation types in the Brazilian Amazon region. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1531, 428-431.
  • Seneviratne, S., Wilhelm, M., Stanelle, T., van den Hurk, B., Hagemann, S., Berg, A., Cheruy, F., Higgins, M., Meier, A., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Dufresne, J.-L., Findell, K., Lawrence, D., Malyshev, S. & Smith, B. (2013). Impact of soil moisture-climate feedbacks on CMIP5 projections: First results from the GLACE-CMIP5 experiment. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 5212-5217. doi:10.1002/grl.50956 [ Fulltext]
  • Tian, F., Herzschuh, U., Dallmeyer, A., Xu, Q., Mischke, S. & Biskaborn, B. (2013). Environmental variability in the monsoon-westerlies transition zone during the last 1200 years: Lake sediment analyses from central Mongolia and supra-regional synthesis. Quaternary Science Reviews, 73, 31-47. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.05.005 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M. & Fraedrich, K.(2012). Implications of climate variability for the detection of multiple equilibria and for rapid transitions in the atmosphere-vegetation system. Climate Dynamics, 38, 1775-1790. doi:10.1007/s00382-011-1037-x [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M.(2012). Palaeoclimate: Hidden glacial carbon. Nature Geoscience, 5(1), 6-7. doi:10.1038/ngeo1351
  • Port, U., Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M.(2012). The influence of vegetation dynamics on anthropogenic climate change. Earth System Dynamics, 3, 233-243. doi:10.5194/esd-3-233-2012 [ Fulltext]


  • Berger, A., Claussen, M. & Yin, Q. (2011). Factor separation methodology and paleoclimates. In Factor separation in the atmosphere (pp.28-52). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Claussen, M.(2011). Von der Arrheniusschen Energiebilanz zum Erdsystemmodell - Gedankenmodelle und quasi-realistische numerische Klimalabore. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 110(377), 83-97. [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M., Herzschuh, U. & Fischer, N.(2011). Holocene vegetation and biomass changes on the Tibetan Plateau: a model-pollen data comparison. Climate of the Past, 7, 881-901. doi:10.5194/cp-7-881-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A. & Claussen, M.(2011). The influence of land cover change in the Asian monsoon region on present-day and mid-Holocene climate. Biogeosciences, 8, 1499-1519. doi:10.5194/bg-8-1499-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A.(2011). Holocene climate and vegetation change in the Asian monsoon region. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: University of Hamburg. [ Fulltext]
  • Junk, C. & Claussen, M.(2011). Simulated climate variability in the region of Rapa Nui during the last millennium. Climate of the Past, 7(2), 579-586. doi:10.5194/cp-7-579-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2011). Strength of forest-albedo feedback in mid-Holocene climate simulations. Climate of the Past, 7, 1027-1039. doi:10.5194/cp-7-1027-2011 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Caldeira, K., Reick, C. & Claussen, M.(2011). Coupled climate-carbon simulations indicate minor global effects of wars and epidemics on atmospheric CO2 between ad 800 and 1850. The Holocene, 21, 843 -851. doi:10.1177/0959683610386981
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2011). Past land use decisions have increased mitigation potential of reforestation. Geophysical Research Letters, 38: L15701 . doi:10.1029/2011GL047848 [ Fulltext]
  • Rietkerk, M., Brovkin, V., van Bodegom, P., Claussen, M., Dekker, S., Dijkstra, H., Goryachkin, S., Kabat, P., van Nes, E., Neutel, A.-M., Nicholson, S., Nobre, C., Petoukhov, V., Provenzale, A., Scheffer, M. & Seneviratne, S. (2011). Local ecosystem feedbacks and critical transitions in the climate. Ecological Complexity, 8(3), 223-228. doi:10.1016/j.ecocom.2011.03.001
  • Roeckner, E., Giorgetta, M., Crueger, T., Esch, M. & Pongratz, J.(2011). Historical and future anthropogenic emission pathways derived from coupled climate-carbon cycle simulations. Climatic Change, 105, 91-108. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9886-6
  • Schmidt, G., Jungclaus, J., Ammann, C., Bard, E., Braconnot, P., Crowley, T., Delaygue, G., Joos, F., Krivova, N., Muscheler, R., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pongratz, J., Shindell, D., Solanki, S., Steinhilber, F. & Vieira, L. (2011). Climate forcing reconstructions for use in PMIP simulations of the last millennium (v1.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 4, 33-45. doi:10.5194/gmd-4-33-2011 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Vamborg, F., Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M.(2011). The effect of dynamic background albedo scheme on Sahel/Sahara precipitation during the Mid-Holocene. Climate of the Past, 7, 117-131. doi:10.5194/cp-7-117-2011 [ Fulltext]


  • Bathiany, S., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V., Raddatz, T. & Gayler, V.(2010). Combined biogeophysical and biogeochemical effects of large-scale forest cover changes in the MPI earth system model. Biogeosciences, 7, 1383-1399. doi:10.5194/bg-7-1383-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Dallmeyer, A., Claussen, M. & Otto, J.(2010). Contribution of oceanic and vegetation feedbacks to Holocene climate change in Central and Eastern Asia. Climate of the Past, 6, 195-218. doi:10.5194/cp-6-195-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Ganopolski, A., Calov, R. & Claussen, M.(2010). Simulation of the last glacial cycle with a coupled climate ice-sheet model of intermediate complexity. Climate of the Past, 6(2), 229-244. doi:10.5194/cp-6-229-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Hibbard, K., Janetos, A., van Vuuren, D., Pongratz, J., Rose, S., Betts, R., Herold, M. & Feddema, J. (2010). Research priorities in land use and land-cover change for the Earth system and integrated assessment modelling. International Journal of Climatology, 30(13), 2118-2128. doi:10.1002/joc.2150
  • Jungclaus, J., Lorenz, S., Timmreck, C., Reick, C., Brovkin, V., Six, K., Segschneider, J., Giorgetta, M., Crowley, T., Pongratz, J., Krivova, N., Vieira, L., Solanki, S., Klocke, D., Botzet, M., Esch, M., Gayler, V., Haak, H., Raddatz, T., Roeckner, E., Schnur, R., Widmann, H., Claussen, M., Stevens, B. & Marotzke, J.(2010). Climate and carbon-cycle variability over the last millennium. Climate of the Past, 6, 723-737. doi:10.5194/cp-6-723-2010 [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J.(2010). Interactions between climate and vegetation at high northern latitudes during the mid-Holocene. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Hamburg University. doi:10.17617/2.993697 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2010). Biogeophysical versus biogeochemical climate response to historical anthropogenic land cover change. Geophysical Research Letters, 37: L08702. doi:10.1029/2010GL043010 [ Fulltext]
  • Reick, C., Raddatz, T., Pongratz, J. & Claussen, M.(2010). Contribution of anthropogenic land cover change emissions to preindustrial atmospheric CO2. Tellus B, 62, 329-336. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00479.x [ Fulltext]
  • Ries, H., Schluenzen, K., Bruemmer, B., Claussen, M. & Mueller, G. (2010). Impact of surface parameter uncertainties on the development of a trough in the Fram Strait region. Tellus - A, 62, 377-392. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2010.00451.x [ Fulltext]
  • Wohlfahrt, J.(2010). Validation of climate system models with mid-Holocene palaeobotanic data for the Northern Extratropics. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: Hamburg University. doi:10.17617/2.993720 [ Fulltext]


  • Brovkin, V., Raddatz, T., Reick, C., Claussen, M. & Gayler, V.(2009). Global biogeophysical interactions between forest and climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L07405. doi:10.1029/2009GL037543 [ Fulltext]
  • Calov, R., Ganopolski, A., Kubatzki, C. & Claussen, M.(2009). Mechanisms and time scales of glacial inception simulated with an earth system model of intermediate complexity. Climate of the Past, 5(2), 245-258. doi:10.5194/cp-5-245-2009 [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M.(2009). Dynamik der Sahara im Klimawandel des mittleren und späten Holozäns. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF, 108( 373), 151-164. [ Fulltext]
  • Claussen, M.(2009). Late Quaternary vegetation-climate feedbacks. Climate of the Past, 5, 203-216. doi:10.5194/cp-5-203-2009 [ Fulltext]
  • Crucifix, M., Claussen, M., Ganssen, G., Guiot, J., Guo, Z., Kiefer, T., Loutre, M., Rousseau, D. & Wolff, E. (2009). Preface 'Climate change: from the geological past to the uncertain future - a symposium honouring André Berger. Climate of the Past, 5, 707-711. doi:10.5194/cp-5-707-2009 [ Fulltext] [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2009). Climate variability-induced uncertainty in mid-Holocene atmosphere-ocean-vegetation feedbacks. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L23710. doi:10.1029/2009GL041457 [ Fulltext]
  • Otto, J., Raddatz, T., Claussen, M., Brovkin, V. & Gayler, V.(2009). Separation of atmosphere-ocean-vegetation feedbacks and synergies for mid-Holocene climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L09701. doi:10.1029/2009GL037482. [ Fulltext]
  • Pitman, A., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Cruz, F., Davin, E., Bonan, G., Brovkin, V., Claussen, M., Delire, C., Ganzefeld, L., Gayler, V., van den Hurk, B., Lawrence, P., van der Molen, M., Müller, C., Reick, C., Seneviratne, S., Strengers, B. & Voldoire, A. (2009). Uncertainties in climate responses to past land cover change: First results from the LUCID intercomparison study. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L14814. doi:10.1029/2009GL039076 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2009). Effects of anthropogenic land cover change on the carbon cycle of the last millennium. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23: GB4001. doi:10.1029/2009GB003488
  • Pongratz, J. & Reick, C.(2009). Landwirtschaft pflügt das Klima um. Max Planck Forschung, 2009(4), 77-82. [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Reick, C., Esch, M. & Claussen, M.(2009). Radiative forcing from anthropogenic land cover change since AD 800. Geophysical Research Letters, 36: L02709. doi:10.1029/2008GL03639 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J.(2009). A model estimate on the effect of anthropogenic land cover change on the climate of the last millennium. Phd Thesis, Hamburg: University of Hamburg. doi:10.17617/2.993955 [ Fulltext]


  • Brovkin, V. & Claussen, M.(2008). Comment on “Climate-Driven Ecosystem Succession in the Sahara: The Past 6000 Years". Science, 322, 1326b-1326b. doi:10.1126/science.1163381
  • Claussen, M.(2008). Holocene rapid land cover change – evidence and theory. In Battarbee, R. & Binney, H. (Eds.), Natural Climate Variability and Global Warming (pp.232-253). Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2008). A reconstruction of global land use and land cover for the last millennium. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22: GB3018. doi:10.1029/2007GB003153 [ Fulltext]
  • Pongratz, J., Reick, C., Raddatz, T. & Claussen, M.(2008). A global land cover reconstruction AD 800 to 1992: Technical description. Berichte zur Erdsystemforschung, 51. [ Fulltext]
  • Tjallingii, R., Claussen, M., Stuut, J.-B., Fohlmeister, J., Jahn, A., Bickert, T., Lamy, F. & Ohl, U. (2008). Coherent high- and low-latitude control of the northwest African hydrological balance. Nature Geoscience, 1, 670-675. doi:10.1038/ngeo289
  • Trusilova, K., Jung, M., Churkina, G., Karstens, U., Heimann, M. & Claussen, M.(2008). Urbanization impacts on the climate in Europe: Numerical experiments by the PSU-NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5). Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 1442-1455. doi:10.1175/2007JAMC1624.1 [ Fulltext]
  • Wohlfahrt, J., Harrison, S., Braconnot, P., Hewitt, C., Kitoh, A., Mikolajewicz, J., Otto-Bliesner, B. & Weber, S. (2008). Evaluation of coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations of the mid-Holocene using palaeovegetation data from the northern hemisphere extratropics. Climate Dynamics, 31(6), 871-890. doi:10.1007/s00382-008-0415-5 [ Fulltext]


  • Jin, L., Chen, F., Ganopolski, A. & Claussen, M.(2007). Response of East Asian climate to Dansgaard/Oeschger and Heinrich events in a coupled model of intermediate complexity. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 112(D6). doi:10.1029/2006JD007316 [ Fulltext]
  • Kubatzki, C., Claussen, M., Calov, R. & Ganopolski, A.(2007). Modelling the end of an interglacial (MIS 1, 5, 7, 9, 11). In Sirocko, F., Claussen, M., Goni, M. & Litt, T. (Eds.), The climate of past interglacials (pp.583-593). Amsterdam: Elsevier.


  • Claussen, M., Fohlmeister, J., Ganopolski, A. & Brovkin, V. (2006). Vegetation dynamics amplifies precessional forcing. Geophysical Research Letters, 33: L09709. doi:10.1029/2006GL026111 [ Fulltext]
  • Kubatzki, C., Claussen, M., Calov, R. & Ganopolski, A.(2006). Sensitivity of the last glacial inception to initial and surface conditions. Climate Dynamics, 27(4), 333-344. doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0136-6
  • Pongratz, J., Bounoua, L., DeFries, R., Morton, D., Anderson, L., Mauser, W. & Klink, C. (2006). The impact of land cover change on surface energy and water balance in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Earth Interactions, 10: 19. doi:10.1175/EI176.1