Dr. Tatiana Ilyina


Email: tatiana.ilyina@mpimet.mpg.de

Phone: +49-40-41173-164

Fax: +49-40-41173-298

Room no. 218


Mailing Address

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Bundesstr. 53

D-20146 Hamburg




The Ocean in the Earth System


Research Group

Ocean Biogeochemistry


Research Interests

    My major research focus and competence is on the oceanic biogeochemical cycles, and my approach has been to address these cycles as an interactive component of the Earth system. In particular, I investigate the variability and near-term predictability of processes regulating the ocean carbon sink and carbon-climate feedbacks – areas of increasing focus due to my co-leadership of the WCRP Grand Challenge on Carbon Feedbacks in the Climate System. I investigate these research topics in concert with variability and changes in Earth’s climate and ocean physics in past, present, and future climates in the framework of the Earth system model.




    Heinze C., Ilyina T., Gehlen M.: The potential of 230Th for detection of ocean acidification impacts on pelagic carbonate production; Biogeosciences Discuss, doi.org/10.5194/bg-2017-305, 2017.


    Schwinger, J., Tjiputra, J., Goris, N., Six, K., Kirkevag, A., Seland, O., Heinze, C. & Ilyina, T.: Amplification of global warming through pH dependence of DMS production simulated with a fully coupled Earth system model. Biogeosciences, 14, 3633-3648, doi:10.5194/bg-14-3633-2017, 2017. 


    Henson, S., Beaulieu, C., Ilyina, T., John, J., Long, M., Séférian, R., Tjiputra, J. & Sarmiento, J.: Rapid emergence of climate change in environmental drivers of marine ecosystems. Nature Communications8 , doi:10.1038/ncomms14682, 2017.


    Paulsen, H., Ilyina, T., Six, K. & Stemmler, I. : Incorporating a prognostic representation of marine nitrogen fixers into the global ocean biogeochemical model HAMOCC. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, doi:10.1002/2016MS000737, 2017. 



    Ferrer Gonzalez M. and Ilyina T.: Impacts of artificial ocean alkalinization on the carbon cycle and climate in Earth system simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL068576, 2016.


    Griffies, S., Danabasoglu, G., Durack, P., Adcroft, A., Balaji, V., Böning, C., Chassignet, E., Curchitser, E., Deshayes, J., Drange, H., Fox-Kemper, B., Gleckler, P., Gregory, J., Haak, H., Hallberg, R., Hewitt, H., Holland, D., Ilyina, T.Jungclaus, J., Komuro, Y., Krasting, J., Large, W., Marsland, S., Masina, S., McDougall, T., Nurser, A., Orr, J., Pirani, A., Qiao, F., Stouffer, R., Taylor, K., Treguier, A., Tsujino, H., Uotila, P., Valdivieso, M., Wang, Q., Winton, M. & Yeager, S.: OMIP contribution to CMIP6: experimental and diagnostic protocol for the physical component of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project. Geoscientific Model Development9, 3231-3296, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-3231-2016,  2016. 


    Jones C.D., Arora V., Friedlingstein P., et al., incl. Ilyina T.: The C4MIP experimental proto-col for CMIP6. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., doi:10.5194/gmd-2016-36, 2016.


    Ilyina T.: Hidden trends in the ocean carbon sink. Nature, 530, 426–427, doi: 10.1038/530426a, 2016.


    Li H., Ilyina T., Müller W.A., Sienz F.: Decadal predictions of the North Atlantic CO2 uptake. Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/ncomms11076, 2016.


    Nevison C.D., Manizza M., Keeling R.F.,  Stephens B.B., Bent J.D., Dunne J., Ilyina T., Long M., Resplandy L., Tjiputra J., Yukimoto S.:  Evaluating CMIP5 ocean biogeochemistry and Southern Ocean carbon uptake using atmospheric potential oxygen (APO): Present day performance and future projection. Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067584, 2016.


    Séférian R., M. Gehlen, L. Bopp, L. Resplandy, J. C. Orr, O. Marti, J. P. Dunne, J. R. Christian, S. C. Doney, T. Ilyina, K. Lindsay, P. Halloran, C. Heinze, J. Segschneider, J. Tjiputra: Inconsistent strategies to spin up models in CMIP5: implications for ocean biogeochemical model performance assessment. Geosci. Model Dev., doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1827-2016, 9, 1827-1851, 2016, 2016.


    Diffenbaugh N., Beal L., Bayani Cardenas M., Cobb K., Cronin M., Dombard A.J., Ilyina T., Knorr W., Lavraud B., Newman A.V., Peterson W.K., Ritsema J., Stroeve J., Thornton J.A., Wysession M., Williams P.D.: Appreciation of Peer Reviewers for 2015. Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2016GL068582, 2016.



    Le Quéré C., Moriarty R., Andrew R. M.,  Canadell J. G.,  Sitch S.,  Korsbakken J. I.,  Friedlingstein P.,  Peters, G. P., , res, R. J.,  Boden, T. A.,  Houghton, R. A.,  House, J. I.,  Keeling, R. F.,  Tans, P.,  Arneth, A.,  Bakker, D. C. E.,  Barbero, L.,  Bopp, L.,  Chang, J.,  Chevallier, F.,  Chini, L. P.,  Ciais, P.,  Fader, M.,  Feely, R. A.,  Gkritzalis, T.,  Harris, I.,  Hauck, J.,  Ilyina, T.,  Jain, A. K.,  Kato, E.,  Kitidis, V.,  Klein Goldewijk, K.,  Koven, C.,  Landschützer, P.,  Lauvset, S. K.,  Lefèvre, N.,  Lenton, A.,  Lima, I. D.,  Metzl, N.,  Millero, F.,  Munro, D. R.,  Murata, A.,  Nabel, J. E. M. S.,  Nakaoka, S.,  Nojiri, Y.,  O'Brien, K.,  Olsen, A.,  Ono, T.,  Pérez, F. F.,  Pfeil, B.,  Pierrot, D.,  Poulter, B.,  Rehder, G.,  Rödenbeck, C.,  Saito, S.,  Schuster, U.,  Schwinger, J.,  Séférian, R.,  Steinhoff, T.,  Stocker, B. D.,  Sutton, A. J.,  Takahashi, T.,  Tilbrook, B.,  van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T.,  van der Werf, G. R.,  van Heuven, S.,  Vandemark, D.,  Viovy, N.,  Wiltshire, A.,  Zaehle, S.,  Zeng, N.: Global Carbon Budget 2015. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 349-396, 2015.


    Heinze M. and Ilyina T.: Ocean Biogeochemistry in the warm climate of the Late Paleocene. Climate of the Past, doi:10.5194/cp-11-63-2015, 11, 63-79, 2015.


    Nevison C. D., Manizza M., Keeling R. F., Kahru M., Bopp L., Dunne J., Tiputra J., Ilyina T., Mitchell B. G.: Evaluating the ocean biogeochemical components of Earth system models using atmospheric potential oxygen and ocean color data. Biogeosciences, doi:10.5194/bg-12-193-2015, 12, 193-208, 2015. 


    Ilyina T.: The Combined Effects of Changes in Ocean Chemistry, Biology, and Hydrodynamics on Alkalinity. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 121, Nr. 408, 107–110, 2015. pdf


    Ferrer Gonzalez M. and Ilyina T.: Mitigation Potential, Risks, and Side-Effects of Ocean Alkalinity Enhancement. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 121, Nr. 408, 275 –278, 2015. pdf


    Heinze M. and Ilyina T.: Effects of Changing Ocean Circulation on the Marine Carbon Cycle during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Nova Acta Leopoldina NF 121, Nr. 408, 301–303, 2015. pdf


    Dobrynin M., Murawski J., Baehr J., Ilyina T.: Detection and attribution of climate change signal in ocean wind waves. Journal of Climate, 28, 1578–1591, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00664.1, 2015. Initiates file downloadpdf



    Schwinger J, Tjiputra J.F., Heinze C., Bopp L., Christian J.R., Gehlen M., Ilyina T., Jones C.D., Salas-Mélia D., Segschneider J., Séférian R., Totterdell I.: Non-linearity of ocean carbon cycle feedbacks in CMIP5 earth system models. Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00452.1, 2014. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Bromhead D., Scholey V., Nicol S., Margulies D., Wexler D., Stein M., Hoyle S., Lennert-Cody C., Williamson J., Havenhand J., Ilyina T., Lehodey P.: The Potential Impact of Ocean Acidification Upon Eggs and Larvae of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares). Deep Sea Research Part II, 0967-0645, 2014. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Flato, G., J. Marotzke, et al. (incl. T. Ilyina): Chapter 9, Evaluation of Climate Models. In: Climate Change 2013. The Physical Science Basis. Working Group I Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK and New York, USA, 2014.



    Ilyina T., Wolf-Gladrow D., Munhoven G., Heinze C.: Assessing the potential of calcium-based artificial ocean alkalinization to mitigate rising atmospheric CO2 and ocean acidification. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1-6, doi: 10.1002/2013GL057981, 2013. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Six K.D., Kloster S., Ilyina T., Archer S.D., Zhang K., Maier-Reimer E.: Global warming amplified by reduced sulphur fluxes as a result of ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate1981, 2013. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Giorgetta M.A., Jungclaus J., Reick C.H., Legutke S., Bader J., Böttinger J., Brovkin B., Crueger T., Esch M., Fieg K., Glushak K., Gayler V., Haak H., Hollweg H.D., Ilyina T., Kinne S., Kornblueh L., Matei D., Mauritsen T., Mikolajewicz U., Mueller W., Notz D., Pithan F., Raddatz T., Rast S., Redler R., Roeckner E., Schmidt H., Schnur R., Segschneider J., Six K.D., Stockhause M., Timmreck C., Wegner J., Widmann H., Wieners K.H., Claussen M., Marotzke J., Stevens B.: Climate and carbon cycle changes from 1850 to 2100 in MPI-ESM simulations for the coupled model intercomparison project phase 5. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 572–597, doi:10.1002/jame.20038, 2013.


    Vancoppenolle M., Bopp L., Madec G., Dunne J., Ilyina T., Halloran P.R., Steiner N.: Future Arctic Ocean primary productivity from CMIP5 simulations: Uncertain outcome, but consistent mechanisms. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, doi:10.1002/gbc.20055, 2013. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Regnier P., Friedlingstein P., Ciais P., Mackenzie F.T., Gruber N., Janssens I.A., Laruelle G.G., Lauerwald R., Luyssaert S., Andersson A.J., Arndt S., Arnosti C., Borges A.V., Dale A.W., Gallego-Sala A., Goddéris Y., Goossens N., Hartmann J., Heinze C., Ilyina T., Joos F., LaRowe D.E., Leifeld J., Meysman F.J.R., Munhoven G., Raymond P.A., Spahni R., Suntharalingam P., Thullner M.: Anthropogenic perturbation of the carbon fluxes from land to ocean. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo1830, 2013. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Bopp L., Resplandy L., Orr J. C., Doney S. C., Dunne J. P., Gehlen M., Halloran P., Heinze C., Ilyina T., Séférian R., Tjiputra J., Vichi M.: Multiple stressors of ocean ecosystems in the 21st century: projections with CMIP5 models. Biogeosciences, 10, 6225-6245, doi:10.5194/bg-10-6225-2013, 2013.


    Arora V. K., Boer G. J., Friedlingstein P., Eby M., Jones C. D., Christian J. R., Bonan G., Bopp L., Brovkin V., Cadule P., Hajima T., Ilyina T., Lindsay K., Tjiputra J. F., Wu T.: Carbon-concentration and carbon-climate feedbacks in CMIP5 Earth system models. Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00494.1, 2013.


    Ilyina T., Six K.D., Segschneider J., Maier-Reimer E., Li H., Núñez-Riboni I.: The global ocean biogeochemistry model HAMOCC: Model architecture and performance as component of the MPI-Earth System Model in different CMIP5 experimental realizations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5, 287–315, doi:10.1029/2012MS000178, 2013. 


    Segschneider, J.  A. Beitsch, C. Timmreck, V. Brovkin, T. Ilyina, J. Jungclaus, S.J. Lorenz, K.D. Six, D. Zanchettin: Impact of an extremely large magnitude volcanic eruption on the global climate and carbon cycle estimated from ensemble Earth System Model simulations. Biogeosciences, 10, 669-687, doi:10.5194/bg-10-669-2013, 2013.


    Andrews O., Bindoff, N.L., Halloran, P.R., Ilyina, T., Le Quéré, C.: Detecting an external influence on recent changes in oceanic oxygen using an optimal fingerprinting method. Biogeosciences, 10, 1799-1813, 2013.


    O'Driscoll, K., Mayer, B., Ilyina, T., Pohlmann, T.: Modelling the cycling of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea system: Fluxes, loading, seasonality, trends. Journal of Marine Systems, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.09.011, 2013. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Ilyina, T.: Biogeochemie des Ozeans im Rahmen von Klima-Engineering. Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Jahrbuch 2013 Forschungsbericht MPI für Meteorologie.


    Ilyina, T., Zeebe, R.E.: Detection and projection of carbonate dissolution in the water column and deep-sea sediments due to ocean acidification. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, doi:10.1029/2012GL051272, 2012. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Scholey, V., Bromhead, D., Margulies, D., Nicol, S., Wexler, J., Santiago, M., Williamson, J.E., Hoyle, S., Schlegel, P., Havenhand, J., Ilyina, T., Lehodey, P.: Novel research into the impacts of ocean acidification upon tropical tuna. Pelagic Fisheries Research Program Newsletter, 16(1), 2012. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Friedrich, T., Timmermann, A., Abe-Ouchi, A., Bates, N.R., Chikamoto, M.O., Church, M.J., Dore, J.E. Gledhill, D.K., González-DáVilla, Heinemann, M., Ilyina, T., Jungclaus, J.H., McLeod, E., Mouchet, A., Santana-Casiano, J.M.: Detecting regional anthropogenic trends in ocean acidification against natural variability, Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate1372, 2012. Initiates file downloadpdf    


    Lehodey, P., Hampton, J., Brill, R.W., Nicol, S., Senina, I., Calmettes, B., Pörtner, H.O., Bopp, L., Ilyina, T., Johann D. Bell, and J. Sibert: Vulnerability of oceanic fisheries in the tropical Pacific to climate change. In: Vulnerability of Tropical Pacific Fisheries and Aquaculture to Climate Change (Bell J., Johnson JE, Hobday AJ, Eds.), Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Noumea New Caledonia, 2011. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Ilyina, T.: What drives the fate of persistent organic pollutants in the North Sea? Insights from a regional model. In: Interdisciplinary Studies on Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 5, Modeling and Analysis of Marine Environmental Problems; (Omori, K. et al., Eds.), Terrapub: Tokyo, pp. 189-195, 2011. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Ilyina, T., Zeebe, R.E., Brewer, P.G.: Future ocean increasingly transparent to low-frequency sound owing to carbon dioxide emissions. Nature Geoscience, 3, 18-22, doi:10.1038/NGEO719, 2010. Initiates file downloadpdf

    more in:

    The New York TimesDiscovery NewsThe EcologistAmerican ScientistScience DailyStar BulletinEurekAlert!Hawaii Public RadioDie ZeitDer SpiegelThe IndependentRIA Novostinauka21vekreal scienceEarth Portal


    Ilyina, T., Hunziker R.W.: Scenarios of temporal and spatial evolution of Hexabromocyclododecane in the North Sea. Environmental Science & Technology, doi:10.1021/es9034599, 2010. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Ilyina, T., Zeebe, R.E., Maier-Reimer, E., Heinze, C.: Early detection of ocean acidification effects on marine calcification. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB1008, doi:10.1029/2008GB003278, 2009. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Pohlmann, T., Mayer, B., Ilyina, T.: Simulation of organic pollutants in the North Sea: First step towards an adaptation to the Malacca Strait. In: Proceedings of the World Ocean Conference 2009, held in Manado, North Sulawesi/Indonesia, 11-14 May, 2009.


    Ilyina, T., Lammel, G., Pohlmann, T.: Mass budgets and contribution of individual sources and sinks to the abundance of a-HCH, γ-HCH and PCB-153 in the North Sea. Chemosphere, 72, 1132-1137, 2008. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Ilyina, T., Hunziker, R.W.: Assessment of temporal trend and spatial distribution of Hexabromocyclododecane in the North Sea using a numeric model (FANTOM). Organohalogen Compounds, 69, 351-354, 2007.


    Ilyina, T.: The fate of persistent organic pollutants in the North Sea: multiple year model simulations of gamma-HCH, alpha-HCH and PCB 153. Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs, Vol. 7; (Basedow, J. et al., Eds.), Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 132 pp., 2007.


    Ilyina, T.: Modelling the fate of persistent toxic substances in the North Sea: γ-HCH and PCB 153 multiyear simulations. In: Pollution of the Sea - Prevention and Compensation. Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs, Vol. 10; (Basedow, J. et al., Eds.), Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, pp. 15-22, 2007.


    Ilyina, T., Pohlmann, T., Lammel, G., Sündermann, J.: A fate and transport ocean model for persistent organic pollutants and its application to the North Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 63, 1-19, 2006. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Lammel, G., Semeena, V.S., Guglielmo, F., Ilyina, T., Leip, A.: Determination of long-range transport and environmental exposure of persistent organic pollutants by modeling (In German: Bestimmung des Ferntransports von persistenten organischen Spurenstoffen und der Umweltexposition mittels Modelluntersuchungen). Umweltwissenschaften und Schadstoff-Forschung, 18(4), 254-261, 2006. Initiates file downloadpdf


    Ilyina, T.: Organising a global ocean observing system. In: Ehlers, P. and Lagoni, R. (Eds.), International maritime organisations and their contribution towards a sustainable marine development. Schriften zum See- und Hafenrecht, Bd.12, LIT Verlag: Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, pp. 181-196, 2006.



    Curriculum vitae


    Research group leader

    since November 2010 - present

    Leader of the Scientific Working Group Ocean Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany 


    Editor of Geophysical Research Letters


    Co-Chair of the WCRP Grand Challenge Carbon Feedbacks in the Climate System


    Co-director of the International Max Planck Research School for Maritime Affairs




    2006 - 2010: Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, USA

    2008 - 2009: Center for Ocean and Ice, Danish Meteorological Institute, Denmark



    2002 - 2006: International Max Planck Research School for Maritime Affairs, University of Hamburg, Germany



    1995 - 2002: Russian State Hydrometeorological University, St. Petersburg, Russia, MSc (2002), BSc (2000)