Silvia Kloster

 

More about my research can be found on the Research Group web site: 

 

Fire in the Earth System

 

 

 

Office

Email: Opens window for sending emailsilvia.kloster@we dont want spammpimet.mpg.de

Phone: +49-40-41173-324

Room no. Geomatikum 1711

 

Mailing Address

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Bundesstr. 53

D-20146 Hamburg

Germany

 

 

 

Research Interests
  • Biogeochemical feedback cycles
  • Global fire process modeling
  • Aerosol Emission
  • Air pollution
  • Dimethylsulfide
  • CLAW Hypothesis
Publications

a publication list can be found here Initiates file downloadpdf (last updated January 2016)

 

2016

Lasslop, G., Brovkin, V., Reick, C., Bathiany, S., Kloster, S. (2016), Multiple stable states of tree cover in a global land surface model due to a fire - vegetation feedback, Geophysical Research Letters, under revision

Hantson, S., Kloster, S., Coughlan, M., Daniau, A., Vannière, B., Brücher, T., Kehrwald, N., and Magi, B (2016), Fire in the Earth System - bridging data and modelling research. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00319.1, in press.

Veira, A., Lasslop, G., Kloster, S. (2016), Wildfires in a warmer climate: Emission fluxes, emission heights and black carbon concentrations in 2090-2099, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, accepted.

Hantson, S., Arneth, A., Harrison, S.P., Kelley, D.E., Prentice, I.C., Rabin, S.S., Archibald, S., Mouillot, F., Arnold, S.R., Artaxo, P., Bachelet, D., Ciais, P., Forrest, M., Friedlingstein, P., Hickler, T., Kaplan, J.O., Kloster, S., Knorr, W., Lasslop,G., Li, F., Mangeon, S., Melton, J.R., Meyn, A., Sitch, S., Spessa, A., van der Werf, G.R., Voulgarakis, A. and Yue, C. (2016), The status and challenge of global fire modeling, Biogeosciences Discussion. doi:10.5194/bg-2016-17

2015

Hantson, S., Lasslop, G., Kloster, S., Chuvieco, E. (2015), The human impact on global mean fire size, Intern. J. of Wildland Fires, 24(5), 589-596. doi:10.1071/WF14208

Kloster, S., Brücher, T., Brovkin, V., & Wilkenskjeld, S. (2015). Controls on fire activity over the Holocene. Climate of the Past, 11(6), 781-788. doi:10.5194/cp-11-781-2015

Lasslop, G., Kloster, S. (2015), Impact of fuel variability on wildfire emission estimates, Atmospheric Environment (121),93-102, IBBI special issue. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.05.040

Lasslop, G., Hantson, S., Kloster, S. (2015), Influence of wind speed on the global variability of burned fraction: a global fire model’s perspective, Intern. J. of Wildland Fires, 24(7) 989-1000. doi:10.1071/WF15052

Veira, A., Kloster, S., Wilkenskjeld, S., Remy, S. Fire Emission Heights in the Climate System Part I: Global Plume Height Patterns Simulated by ECHAM6-HAM2 (2015), Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 7155-7171. doi:10.5194/acp-15-7155-2015

Veira, A., Kloster, S., Schutgens, N.A.J., Kaiser, J.W. (2015), Fire Emission Heights in the Climate System Part II: Impact on Transport, Black Carbon Concentrations and Radiation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15, 7173-7193. doi:10.5194/acp-15-7173-2015

2014

Brücher, T., Brovkin, V., Kloster, S., Marlon, J. R., & Power, M. J. (2014). Comparing modelled fire dynamics with charcoal records for the Holocene. Climate of the Past, 10(2), 811–824. doi:10.5194/cp-10-811-2014

Krause, A., Kloster, S., Wilkenskjeld, S., & Paeth, H. (2014). The sensitivity of global wildfires to simulated past, present, and future lightning frequency. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 119(3), 312–322.

Lasslop, G., Thonicke, K., & Kloster, S. (2014). SPITFIRE within the MPI Earth system model: Model development and evaluation. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 7, 740-755. doi:10.1002/2013MS000284

Pausata, F. S. R., Gaetani, M., Messori, G., Kloster, S., & Dentener, F. J. (2014). The role of aerosol in altering North Atlantic atmospheric circulation in winter and air-quality feedbacks. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 14(16), 22477–22506. doi:10.5194/acpd-14-22477-2014

van Leeuwen, T. T., van der Werf, G. R., Hoffmann, A. A., Detmers, R. G., Rücker, G., French, N. H. F., Kloster, S. et al. (2014). Biomass burning fuel consumption rates: a field measurement database. Biogeosciences, 11(24), 7305–7329. doi:10.5194/bg-11-7305-2014

Ward, D. S., Mahowald, N. M., & Kloster, S. (2014). Potential climate forcing of land use and land cover change. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14(23), 12701–12724. doi:10.5194/acp-14-12701- 2014

Wilkenskjeld, S., Kloster, S., Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., & Reick, C. H. (2014). Comparing the influence of net and gross anthropogenic land-use and land-cover changes on the carbon cycle in the MPI-ESM. Biogeosciences, 11(17), 4817–4828. doi:10.5194/bg-11-4817-2014

2013

Kinne, S., O'Donnel, D., Stier, P., Kloster, S., Zhang, K., Schmidt, H., et al. (2013). MAC-v1: A new global aerosol climatology for climate studies. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5(4), 704–740. doi:10.1002/jame.20035

Migliavacca, M., Dosio, A., Kloster, S., Ward, D. S., Camia, A., Houborg, R., et al. (2013). Modeling burned area in Europe with the Community Land Model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 118(1), 265–279. doi:10.1002/jgrg.20026

Sillmann, J., Pozzoli, L., Vignati, E., Kloster, S., & Feichter, J. (2013), Aerosol effect on climate extremes in Europe under different future scenarios. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 2290-2295.

Six, K. D., Kloster, S., Ilyina, T., Archer, S. D., Zhang Kai, K., & Maier-Reimer, E. (2013), Global warming amplified by reduced sulphur fluxes as a result of ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change, 3, 975-978

2012

Kloster, S., Mahowald, N. M., Randerson, J. T., & Lawrence, P. J. (2012). The impacts of climate, land use, and demography on fires during the 21st century simulated by CLM-CN. Biogeosciences, 9, 509–525. doi:10.5194/bg- 9-509-2012

Ward, D. S., Kloster, S., Mahowald, N. M., Rogers, B. M., Randerson, J. T., & Hess, P. G. (2012). The changing radiative forcing of fires: global model estimates for past, present and future. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(22), 10857–10886. doi:10.5194/acp-12-10857-2012

Weil, M., Grassl, H., Hoshyaripour, G., Kloster, S., Kominek, J., Misios, S., et al. (2012). Pathways, Impacts, and Policies on Severe Aerosol Injections into the Atmosphere: 2011 Severe Atmospheric Aerosols Events Conference. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93(9), ES85–ES88. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00272.1

2011

Granier, C., Bessagnet, B., Bond, T., D’Angiola, A., Denier van der Gon, H., Frost, G. J., Kloster, S. et al. (2011). Evolution of anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of air pollutants at global and regional scales during the 1980– 2010 period. Climatic Change, 109(1-2), 163–190. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0154-1

Mahowald, N., Ward, D. S., Kloster, S., Flanner, M. G., Heald, C. L., Heavens, N. G., et al. (2011). Aerosol Impacts on Climate and Biogeochemistry. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 36(1), 45–74. doi:10.1146/annurev- environ-042009-094507

Thomas, M. A., Suntharalingam, P., Pozzoli, L., Devasthale, A., Kloster, S., Rast, S., et al. (2011). Rate of non-linearity in DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(21), 11175–11183. doi:10.5194/acp-11-11175-2011

2010

Emmons, L. K. , S. Walters, P. G. Hess, J.-F. Lamarque, G. G. Pfister, D. Fillmore, C. Granier, A. Guenther, D. Kinnison, T. Laepple, J. Orlando, X. Tie, G. Tyndall, C. Wiedinmyer, S. L. Baughcum, S. Kloster, Description and evaluation of the Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers (2010), version 4 (MOZART-4), Geosci. Model Dev., 3, 43-67

Fischer-Bruns, I., Feichter, J., Kloster, S., & Schneidereit, A. (2010). How present aerosol pollution from North America impacts North Atlantic climate. Tellus A, 62(4), 579–589. doi:10.1111/j.1600- 0870.2010.00446.x

Kloster, S., Mahowald, N. M., Randerson, J. T., Thornton, P. E., Hoffman, F. M., Levis, S., et al. (2010). Fire dynamics during the 20th century simulated by the Community Land Model. Biogeosciences, 7(6), 1877–1902. doi:10.5194/bg-7-1877-2010

Mahowald, N. M., Kloster, S., Engelstaedter, S., Moore, J. K., Mukhopadhyay, S., McConnell, J. R., et al. (2010). Observed 20th century desert dust variability: impact on climate and biogeochemistry. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(22), 10875–10893. doi:10.5194/acp-10-10875-2010

Thomas, M. A., Suntharalingam, P., Pozzoli, L., Rast, S., Devasthale, A., Kloster, S., et al. (2010). Quantification of DMS aerosol-cloud-climate interactions using the ECHAM5-HAMMOZ model in a current climate scenario. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(15), 7425–7438. doi:10.5194/acp- 10-7425-2010

2009

Kloster, S., Dentener, F., Feichter, J., Raes, F., Lohmann, U., Roeckner, E., & Fischer-Bruns, I. (2009). A GCM study of future climate response to aerosol pollution reductions. Climate Dynamics, 34(7-8), 1177–1194. doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0573-0

2008

Kloster, S., Dentener, F., Feichter, J., Raes, F., Aardenne, J. V., Roeckner, E., et al. (2008). Influence of future air pollution mitigation strategies on total aerosol radiative forcing. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8(21), 6405– 6437

2007

Kloster, S., Six, K. D., Feichter, J., Maier-Reimer, E., Roeckner, E., Wetzel, P., et al. (2007). Response of dimethylsulfide (DMS) in the ocean and atmosphere to global warming. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(G3), G03005. doi:10.1029/2006JG000224

Lohmann, U., P. Stier, C. Hoose, S. Ferrachat, S. Kloster, E. Roeckner, J. Zhang, Cloud mirophysics and aerosol indirect effects in the global climate model ECHAM5-HAM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 3425- 3446, 2007.

C. Textor, M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horowitz, P. Huang, I. S. A. Isaksen, T. Iversen, S. Kloster, D. Koch, A. Kirkevåg, J. E. Kristjansson, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J. F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. E. Penner, G. Pitari, M. S. Reddy, Ø. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, X. Tie, The effect of harmonized emissions on aerosol properties in global models – an AeroCom experiment, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 4489- 4501, 2007.

2006

Kinne, S., M. Schulz, C. Textor, S. Guibert, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, W. Collins, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, , J. Hendricks, M. Herzog, L. Horrowitz, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, A. Jones, S. Kloster, D. Koch, M. Krool, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, G. Lesins, X. Liu, U. Lohmann, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, D. Roberts, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, X. Tie (2006), An AEROCOM initial assessment - optical properties in aerosol component modules of global models, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 1815-1834

Kloster, S., Feichter, J., Maier-Reimer, E., Six, K. D., Stier, P., & Wetzel, P. (2006). DMS cycle in the marine ocean- atmosphere system: a global model study. Biogeosciences, 3(1), 29–51.

Roeckner, E., Stier, P., Feichter, J., Kloster, S., Esch, M., & Fischer-Bruns, I. (2006). Impact of carbonaceous aerosol emissions on regional climate change. Climate Dynamics, 27(6), 553–571. doi:10.1007/s00382-006-0147-3

Stier, P., J. Feichter, E. Roeckner, S. Kloster, M. Esch (2006), The evolution of the global aerosol system in a transient climate simulation from 1860 to 2100, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 3059-3076

Stier, P., J. Feichter, S. Kloster, E. Vignati, J. Wilson (2006), Emission-Induced Nonlinearities in the

Global Aerosol System - Results From the ECHAM5-HAM Aerosol-Climate Model, J. Clim., 19(16), 3845-3862

Textor, C. , M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, H. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horrowitz, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, S. Kloster, D. Koch, M. Kroll, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, X. Tie (2006), Analysis and quantification of the diversities of aerosol life cycles within AEROCOM, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 1777-1813

2005


Stier, P., Feichter, J., Kinne, S., Kloster, S., Vignati, E., Wilson, J., et al. (2005). The aerosol-climate model ECHAM5- HAM. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 5(4), 1125–1156.

Others:

S. Kloster, contributing author to Working Group I contribution to the IPCC 5th Assessment Report Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, 2013, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: P. Ciais, C. Sabine, G. Bala, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, J. Canadell, A. Chhabra, R. DeFries, J. Galloway, M. Heimann, C. Jones, C. Le Quere, R. Myneni, S. Piao, and P. Thornton, Chapter 6: Carbon and Other Biogeochemical Cycles.

Andreae, M.O., D.A. Hegg (Lead authors), J. Feichter, S. Kloster, Z. Levin, C. Liousse, L. F. Radke, P. Stier (Co-authors), L. A. Barrie, S. M. Kreidenweis, C. Textor, W. R. Cotton, U. Baltensperger (Contributors), Aerosol pollution impact on precipitation, A scientific review, Chapter 3: Sources and nature of atmospheric aerosols, WMO International Aerosol-Precipitation Science Assessment Group (IAPSAG), Springer Science, pp. 387, 2009.

Kloster, S., DMS cycle in the ocean-atmosphere system and its response to anthropogenic perturbations, Ph.D. Thesis, International Max Planck Research School on Earth System Modelling / University of Hamburg, Reports on Earth System Science, 19, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany, 2006.

 

 

 

 

Curriculum vitae

 

March 2011 - present  Group leader, Emmy Noether Junior Research Group "Fire in the Earth System",  Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Land in the Earth System, Hamburg, Germany

 

Post-doc

2009 - 2011 "Klaus Hasselmann fellowship", Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Land in the Earth System, Hamburg, Germany

2008 - 2009 Cornell University, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Ithaca, NY, USA

2006 - 2008 Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy

 

Ph.D.

 

2002 - 2006 Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Atmosphere in the Earth System, Hamburg, Germany

 

University

 

1996 - 2002 Meteorology, University of Hamburg, Germany

 

Born

17.02.1977 in Wilhelmshaven