List of Publications





  1. Bengtsson, L., 1963: An investigation of the surface pressure tendencies and a vorticity budget for a cyclone development. Geophysica 8, 3, 167-203.



  3. Bengtsson, L., 1964: Some numerical experiments on the effect of the variation of static stability in two-layer quasi-geostrophic models. Tellus16,3, 328-348.



  5. Bengtsson, L., 1969: Numerical prediction of upper winds and temperatures and presentation of the numerical forecasts for aeronautical purposes. Aeronautical Met., Technical Note No. 95, 197-210.

  7. Bengtsson, L., 1969: An experiment in computerised flight planning. Aeronautical Met., Technical Note No.95, 305-313.

  9. Bengtsson, L., 1969: Compendium in numerical weather prediction, Part B. Swedish Meteorolgical and Hydrological Institute, 145 p. (Translated into Spanish and Swedish).

  11. Bengtsson, L. and D. Söderman, 1969: Automatic coding of aerological telegrams at the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute. Vaisala News 41, 1959, Ref. No. B 214.



  13. Bengtsson, L. and N. Gustafsson, 1971: An experiment in the assimilation of data in dynamical analysis. Tellus23, 328-336.

  15. Bengtsson, L. and L. Moen, 1971: An operational system for numerical weather prediction. In Satellite and Computer Applications to Synoptic Meteorology, WMO No. 283, 63-88.



  17. Bengtsson, L. and N. Gustafsson, 1972: Assimilation of non-synoptic observations. Tellus24, 383-399.



  19. Bengtsson, L., 1973: A three-parameter model for limited area forecasting. Environmental Prediction Research Facility, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California. Technical Paper No. 73, 88 p.



  21. Bengtsson L. and P. Morel, 1974: The performance of space observing systems for the first GARP Global Experiment. The GARP Programme on Numerical Prediction, Report No. 6.



  23. Bengtsson, L., 1975: Four-dimensional assimilation of meteorological observations. GARP Publication Series No. 15, 76 p.

  25. Bengtsson, L., 1975: Problems in four-dimensional data assimilation. ECMWF Seminar on Scientific Foundation of Medium Range Weather Forecasts, 113-138.

  27. Bengtsson, L., 1975: Design of a forecasting system for ECMWF. Ibid, 673-713.



  29. Bengtsson, L., 1976: A suggested procedure for continuous data assimilation. Proceedings of the JOC Study Group Conference on 4-dimensional data assimilation. November 1975. WGNE Report No. 11, 332-341.

  31. Bengtsson, L., 1976: Initial data and some practical aspects on weather forecasting. Weather Forecasting and Weather Forecasts: Models, Systems and Users. National Center for Atmospheric Research, 254-419.

  33. Bengtsson, L., 1976: Problems and prospects for Medium Range Weather Forecasts. Ibid. 663-671 (Translated into Chinese).

  35. Bengtsson, L., 1976: Verification activities at ECMWF and in Scandinavia. Ibid. 721-733.

  37. Bengtsson, L., 1976: On the interpretation of large-scale numerical weather prediction in terms of weather for local forecasting purposes. (Translated into Japanese). Lecture given to the Extraordinary Session of CBS, 8 November 1976, and published by WMO.

  39. Bengtsson, L., 1976: Problems in four-dimensional data assimilation. ECMWF Seminar on Scientific Foundation of Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, 1-12 September 1975, ECMWF, Reading, U.K., 113-138.

  41. Bengtsson, L., K. Arpe, A. Hollingsworth, Z. Janjic, 1976: A case study of a ten day prediction. ECMWF Technical Report No. 1, 105 p. (This paper has also been translated into Russian and published in the USSR, Leningrad, 1979)



  43. Bengtsson, L., 1978: Growth rate and vertical propagation of the initial error in baroclinic models. Tellus 23, 30, 323-334.

  45. Bengtsson, L., 1978: Introductory Remarks. ECMWF Seminar on Parameterization of the Physical Processes in the Free Atmosphere, 5-16 September 1977, ECMWF, Reading, U.K., 1-4.

  47. Bengtsson, L., 1978: Introduction and the problems of weather interpretation. ECMWF Seminar on the Interpretation and Use of Large Scale Numerical Forecast Products, 1-16.



  49. Bengtsson, L., 1979: Problems of using satellite information in numerical weather prediction. Proc. of Technical Conference on Use of Data from Meteorological Satellites. Lannion, France, 17-21 Sept. 1978 (ESA-SP 143, Oct. 1979, 87-100).

  51. Bengtsson, L., 1979: ECMWF global forecasting system. WMO/JSC Catalogue of numerical models for the First GARP Global Experiment, Part I: Analysis and forecast system, 32, 287-340.

  53. Bengtsson, L., 1979: Numerical prediction of blocking. In: Stanstead Seminar Proc., Nov., 1979.

  55. Bengtsson, L., 1979: Numerical prediction of atmospheric blocking - A case study. ECMWF Seminar on Dynamical Meteorology and Numerical Weather Prediction, 270-329.

  57. Bengtsson, L., 1979: Review of theories for blocking. Ibid, 235-269.

  59. Bengtsson, L., 1979: The energy balance in the atmosphere and its role in the general circulation. ECMWF Lecture Note No. 8, 69 p.

  61. Arpe, K. and L. Bengtsson, 1979: Meteorological data: Kind, distribution, accuracy and representativeness. ECMWF Lecture Note No. 2, 46 p.

  63. Bengtsson, L. and C. Temperton, 1979: Difference approximations to quasi-geostrophic models. GARP Publications Series No. 17, Vol. II. Numerical Methods used in Atmospheric Models, 338-378.



  65. Bengtsson, L., 1980: On the use of time sequence of surface pressure in four-dimensional data assimilation. Tellus 32, 189-197.

  67. Bengtsson, L., 1980: The impact of satellite winds and temperatures on numerical weather prediction. Satellite Meteorology of the Mediterranean. (Erice, Italy, 12-22 November 1980) ESA-SP 159, 33-40.

  69. Bengtsson, L., 1980: Work of the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts. Ocean Management 7 (1981) 99-105.

  71. Bengtsson, L., 1980: Current problems infour-dimensional data assimilation. ECMWF Seminar on Data Assimilation Methods, 195-217.



  73. Bengtsson, L., 1981: Numerical prediction of atmospheric blocking - A case study. Tellus 33, 19-42.

  75. Bengtsson, L., 1981: Data analysis, initialisation and data assimilation. International Conference on Preliminary FGGE Data Analysis and Results. (Bergen, Norway, 23-27 June 1980). WMO, Geneva, 162- 185.

  77. Bengtsson, L., 1981: The Weather Forecast. Bergeron Memorial Volume. Pure and Appl. Geophys. 119, No. 3, 515-537.

  79. Bengtsson, L., 1981: The impact of FGGE on global medium range weather forecasts. International Conference on Early Results of FGGE and Large-Scale Aspects of its Monsoon Experiments. (Tallahassee, Florida, 12-17 January 1981). WMO Global Atmospheric Research Programme,1, 11-26.

  81. Bengtsson, L., 1981: Medium range forecasting at ECMWF and remaining problems. Proc. of the Symposium on Current Problems of Weather Prediction (Wien, June 23-26, 1981). Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Wien, Publication No. 253, 115-124.

  83. Bengtsson, L., 1981: Review of recent progress made in medium range weather forecasting. ECMWF Seminar on Problems and Prospects in Long and Medium Range Weather Forecasting, 91-112.

  85. Bengtsson, L. and P. Kallberg, 1981: Numerical simulation - assessment of FGGE data with regard to their assimilation in a global data set. Adv. Space Res. Vol. 1, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, 165-187.

  87. Bengtsson, L. and A. Lange, 1981: Results of the WMO/CAS NWP data study and intercomparison project for forecasts for the Northern Hemisphere in 1979-80.



  89. Bengtsson, L., 1982: Numerical modelling of the global atmosphere. Proc. of the 4th International Conference on Finite Elements in Water Resources, Hannover. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1982, 1-27.

  91. Bengtsson, L., 1982: The global weather experiments. Results and proposals for future observing systems. Proc. from the 14th Stanstead Seminar,1982.

  93. Bengtsson, L., 1982: Performance and limits of global models in the Mediterranean. Rivista di Meteorologia Aeronautica,Vol. XLII, No.2/3, 123-142.

  95. Bengtsson, L., H. Böttger and M. Kanamitsu, 1982: Simulation of hurricane-type vortices in a general circulation model. Tellus 34, 441-457.

  97. Bengtsson, L., M. Kanamitsu, P. Kallberg and S. Uppala, 1982: FGGE 4-dimensional Data Assimilation at ECMWF. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 63, 29-43.

  99. Bengtsson, L., M. Kanamitsu, P. Kallberg and S. Uppala, 1982: FGGE Research Activities at ECMWF. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 63, 227-303.

  101. Bengtsson, L., M. Kanamitsu, P. Kallberg, and S. Uppala, 1982: Diagnostic and predictability studies using FGGE data. ECMWF Seminar on Problems and Prospects in Long and Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, 14-18 September 1981, ECMWF, Reading, U.K., 405-428.



  103. Bengtsson, L., 1983: Observational requirements for long-range forecasting. WMO, Long-Range Forec. Res. Publ. Ser.1, 219-229.

  105. Bengtsson, L., 1983: Results of the global weather experiment. WMO No.610, 2-40.

  107. Bengtsson, L. and A.J. Simmons, 1983: Medium range weather prediction operational experience at ECMWF. Large Scale Dynamical Processes in the Atmosphere. Editor B. Hoskins and R. Pearce, Academic Press, 337-364.



  109. Bengtsson, L., 1984: Operational Medium Range Weather Prediction at ECMWF. 10th Conference on Weather Forecasting and Analysis,June 25-29, 1984, Clearwater Beach, Fla., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 286-300.

  111. Bengtsson, L., 1984: Die mittelfristige Wettervorhersage. Promet1/81, 2-7.

  113. Bengtsson, L., 1984: Vorgeschichte, Zielsetzung und Aufbau des EZMW. Promet1/84, 1-2.

  115. Bengtsson, L., 1984: Medium-range forecasting at ECMWF: A review and comments on recents progress. Problems and Prospects in Long and Medium Range Weather Forecasting. Eds. D.M. Burridge and E. Källen. Springer Verlag, 21-42.

  117. Bengtsson, L., 1984: Four-dimensional data assimilation. ECMWF Seminar on Data Assimilation Systems and Observing Systems Experiments with Particular Emphasis on FGGE, 1-6.

  119. Bengtsson, L., 1984: The ECMWF General Circulation Model and its Operational Implementation. Proc. of a Conference on National Planning of Research Strategy and its Variability, Feb. 26-27, 1984, Indian Inst. of Technology, New Delhi.

  121. Simmons, A.J., and L. Bengtsson, 1984: Atmospheric General Circulation Models: Their Design and Use for Climate Studies. The Global Climate.Ed. J.T. Houghton, Cambridge University Press, 37-62.

  123. Tibaldi, S. and L. Bengtsson, 1984: Impact of orography and global-scale forecasting. Proceedings of International Symposium on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and Mountain Meteorology, March 20-24, 1984, Science Press, Beijing/Amer. Meteor. Soc., Boston, MA, 1986, 219-226.



  125. Bengtsson, L., 1985: Medium Range Forecasting - the experience of ECMWF. Report of Seminar on Progress in Numerical Modelling and the Understanding of Predictability as a Result of the Global Weather Experiment. Sigtuna, Sweden, October 1984. Garp Special Report No. 43, III.12-III. 45.

  127. Bengtsson, L., 1985: Medium Range Forecasting - The experience of ECMWF. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 66, 1133-1146.

  129. Bengtsson, L., 1985: Four-Dimensional Data Assimilation into Atmospheric Global Models. Proceedings of a Conference on the Use of Satellite Data in Climate Models, Alpbach, Austria, 10-12 June 1985, ESA SP-244, 7-17.

  131. Bengtsson, L., 1985: ECMWF - Ten years of European meteorological co-operation. WMO Bull.34, 289-296.

  133. Bengtsson, L., 1985: Medium-range forecasting at the ECMWF. Adv. Geophys. Vol. 28B, Academic Press, London, 3-54.

  135. Bengtsson, L. 1985: ECMWF and the future. In: Medium Range Weather Forecasts - The First 10 Years.Proceedings of the seminar commemorating the tenth anniversary of ECMWF, 22 November 1985, pp. 109-124.

  137. Dell'Osso, L. and L. Bengtsson, 1985: Prediction of a typhoon using a fine-mesh NWP model. Tellus 37A, 97-105.



  139. Bengtsson, L., 1986: The role of GARP in numerical weather prediction. Preprint National Conference - Scientific Results of the First GARP Global Experiment. Jan. 14-17, 1986, Miami, Florida, 58-61.

  141. Bengtsson, L. 1986: Four Dimensional Data Assimilation. International Conference on the Results of the Global Weather Experiment and their Implications for the World Weather Watch. WMO/ICSU GARP Publication Series No.26, 187-216.

  143. Bengtsson, L. 1986: ECMWF - ten years of European meteorological co-operation. Meteor. Mag.115, 1986, 150-157.

  145. Bengtsson, L. 1986: Next Friday's weather. Nature & Technology. Ed. N. Calder.



  147. Bengtsson, L. 1987: EARSeL Symposium 1987 - Keynote address: Satellite Data and Global Weather Prediction. EARSeL News, June 1987, No. 32, pp 15-21.

  149. Bengtsson, L. 1987: Samma gamla väder - men bättre och bättre prognoser. Forskning och Framsteg 7, November 1987, pp 3-11.

  151. Bengtsson, L. 1987: Status and future development of medium and long range forecasts. Published in The Great Projects for Scientific Collaboration East-West-North-South-International Seminars on Nuclear War.Editor: A. Zichichi. November 1987.



  153. Bengtsson, L., 1988: Computer requirements for atmospheric modelling. Multiprocessing in meteorological models. Eds. G.-R. Hoffmann and D.F. Snelling. Springer Verlag, 109-116.

  155. Bengtsson, L. 1988: Weather Forecasting and Prediction. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology1988, pp 483-488.

  157. Bengtsson, L. and J. Shukla, 1988: Integration of Space and In Situ Observations to Study Global Climate Change. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 69, 1130-1143.

  159. Bengtsson, L. and S. Tibaldi, 1988: ECMWF: 10 anni di cooperazione meteorologica europea. Rivista Aeronautica 1, 1988, pp 36-43.



  161. Bengtsson, L., 1989: Medium-Range Forecasting - an Introduction. Meteor. Atmos. Phys.40, pp. l-2.

  163. Bengtsson, L., 1989: Advances in the numerical prediction of the atmospheric circulation in the extra-tropics. Extratropical Cyclones. The Erik Palmén Memorial Volume. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 1990, 194-217.

  165. Bengtsson, L., 1989: On the growth of errors in data assimilation systems. ECMWF Seminar on Data Assimilation and the Use of Satellite Data.

  167. Bengtsson, L., 1989: Numerical weather prediction at the Southern Hemisphere. Third International Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 1-3.



  169. Bengtsson, L., 1991: Advances and prospects in numerical weather prediction. Q.J.R. Meteor. Soc. 117, 855-902.

  171. Bengtsson, L., 1991: Data assimilation in Atmospheric Models. In: Strategies for Future Climate Research. Ed. M. Latif, pp 227-250.



  173. Bengtsson, L., 1992: Climate System Modelling Prospect. In: Climate System Modelling. Ed. K. Trenberth, Cambridge University Press, 705-724.

  175. Bengtsson, L., 1992: Development in atmospheric modelling and weather prediction - the role and contribution of ECMWF Cost Forum. Transnational Cooperation in Science and Technology with new European Partners. Commission of the European Communities, 59-73.

  177. Lohmann, U., R. Sausen, L.Bengtsson, U. Cubasch, J. Perlwitz and E. Roeckner, 1992: The Köppen climate classification as a diagnostic tool for general circulation models. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 92, Hamburg, 22 pp.

  179. Roeckner, E., K. Arpe, L. Bengtsson, S. Brinkop, L. Dümenil, M. Esch, E. Kirk, F. Lunkeit, M. Ponater, B. Rockel, R. Sausen, U. Schlese, S. Schubert and M. Windelband, 1992: Simulation of the present-day climate with the ECHAM model: Impact of model physics and resolution. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 93, Hamburg, 178 pp.



  181. Arpe, K., L. Bengtsson and E. Roeckner, 1993: The impact of SST anomalies on the variability of the atmospheric circulation in the ECHAM3 model. In: Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling. Ed. G.J. Boer, CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Report No.18, 7.18-7.20, WMO/TD-No. 533.

  183. Bengtsson, L., 1993: Climatic Variations and Climate Change With Possible Consequences for the Mediterranean. In: Managing the Mediterranean - Information for Decision Making. The Joint ESF-CEC Workshop of 18-20 November 1993, Venice, 22-30.

  185. Bengtsson, L., 1993: Klima und Wetter auf dem Computer. In: Horizonte - Wie weit reicht unsere Erkenntnis heute? Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte, 117. Versammlung, Aachen 1992, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Stuttgart, 81-103.

  187. Bengtsson, L., 1993: Unsicherheiten bei der Vorhersage des Treibhauseffekts und seiner Auswirkungen. In: Statuskolloquium des Projektes Europäisches Forschungszentrum für Ma\xa7 nahmen der Luftreinhaltung, 9-11 March 1993. KFK-PEF 109, 1-22.
  188. Bengtsson, L., U. Schlese, E. Roeckner, M. Latif, T. Barnett and N. Graham, 1993: A two-tiered approach to long-range climate forecasting. Science 261, 1026-1029.

  190. Lohmann, U., R. Sausen, L. Bengtsson, U. Cubasch, J. Perlwitz and E. Roeckner, 1993: The Köppen climate classification as a diagnostic tool for general circulation models. Climate Res. 3, 177-193.



  192. Arpe, K., L. Bengtsson, L. Dümenil and E. Roeckner, 1994: The hydrological cycle in the ECHAM3 simulations of the atmospheric circulation. In: Global precipitations and climate change. Eds. M. Desbois and F. Desalmand, NATO ASI Series, Vol. I 26, p 361-377.

  194. Arpe, K., L. Bengtsson, L. Dümenil and E. Roeckner, 1994: Impacts of the stratospheric QBO, soil moisture over Siberia and sea surface temperature on the variability of precipitation over India in the ECHAM3 model. In: Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling.Ed. G.J. Boer, CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Report No. 19, 7.36-7.38, WMO/TD-No. 592.

  196. Arpe, K., L. Dümenil, L. Bengtsson and M. Giorgetta, 1994: Variability of the Indian monsoon in the ECHAM3 model, Part II: Sensitivity to sea surface temperatures of the northern Indian ocean, soil moisture over Eurasia and the stratospheric QBO. Conference on Monsoon Variability, Triest,May 1994, WCRP-84, WMO/TD-No. 619, 621-628.

  198. Barnett, T.P., L. Bengtsson, K. Arpe, M. Flügel, N. Graham, M.Latif, J. Ritchie, E. Roeckner, U. Schlese, U. Schulzweida and M. Tyree, 1994: Forecasting global ENSO-related climate anomalies. Tellus 46A, 381-397.

  200. Bengtsson, L., 1994: Wie gut können wir das Klima mit einem numerischen Modell der allgemeinen Zirkulation simulieren? Symposium Observation und Simulation der Atmosphäre, Potsdam, 6-7 May 1993. Ann. Meteor. 29.

  202. Bengtsson, L., 1994: Climate of the 21st Century. Intern. J. Agricultural and Forest Meteor. 117, 3-29.

  204. Bengtsson, L., Ch. Bruhl, P. Crutzen, M. Dameris, J. Feichter, V. Grewe, M. Ponater, E. Roeckner, R. Sausen, U. Schlese and B. Steil, 1994: Coupling of dynamical and chemical processes in a GCM. In: Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling. Ed. G.J. Boer, CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Report No. 19, 7.13-7.14, WMO/TD-No. 592.

  206. Bengtsson, L. and L. Dümenil, 1994: Atmospheric Climate Modelling - A view of Current Activities at MPI Hamburg. Proc. Indian natn. Sci. Acad., 60, A, No. 3, 561-592.

  208. Delecluse, P., J. Servain, C. Levey, K. Arpe and L. Bengtsson, 1994: On the connection between the 1984 Atlantic warm event and the 1982-1983 ENSO. Tellus, 46A, 448-464.

  210. Dümenil, L., K. Arpe and L. Bengtsson, 1994: Variability of the Indian monsoon in the ECHAM3 model, Part I: MONEG and AMIP experiments. Conference on Monsoon Variability, Triest, May 1994, WCRP-84, WMO/TD No. 619, 609-620.

  212. Latif, M., T. Stockdale, J. Wolff, G. Burgers, E. Meier-Reimer, M.M. Junge, K. Arpe and L. Bengtsson, 1994: Climatology and variability in the ECHO coupled GCM, Tellus 46A, 351-366.

  214. Lelieveld, J. and L. Bengtsson, 1994: Study of the Indirect and Direct Climate Influences of Anthropogenic Trace Gas Emissions (Sindicate). In: Global Change: Climate Change and Climate Change Impacts. Proc. of the Symposium held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 6-10 September 1993. Ed. I. Troen, 87-99.

  216. Manzini, E. and L. Bengtsson, 1994: Stratospheric climate and variability from a general circulation model and observations. Part I: Results for the December-February season. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.148, Hamburg, 38 pp.

  218. May, W. and L. Bengtsson, 1994: On the Intra-Seasonal Variability within the Extratropics in a General Circulation Model and Observational Data. Proc. of the Seventeenth Stanstead Seminar in Lennoxville, Canada. Ed. T.G. Shepherd, 139-147.

  220. May, W. and L. Bengtsson, 1994: A Wavenumber-Frequency Analysis of the Midlatitude Geopotential Height Field: Model versus Observation. Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. Ed. G. J. Boer, CAS/JSC Working Group Numerical Experimentation, Report No.19, 2.16-2.17.



  222. Bengtsson, L., M. Botzet and M. Esch, 1995: Hurricane-type vortices in a general circulation model. Tellus 47A, 175-196.

  224. Bengtsson, L., 1995: On the simulation and validation of the hydrological cycle in the climate System. Modern Dynamical Meteorology, Proceedings from a Symposium in Honour of Aksel Wiin-Nielsen, Ed. P. Ditlevsen (ECMWF press), 49-68.

  226. Bengtsson, L., 1995: The Hydrological Cycle in Climate and Weather Prediction. Proc. of theFirst Study Conference on BALTEX,Visby, Sweden, August 28-September 1, 1995, 1-17.

  228. Bengtsson, L., 1995: Recent achievements in the modelling and prediction of atmospheric blocking. Proc.of the Ye Duzeng Symposium, 7-9 August 1995.

  230. Broccoli, A.J., S. Manabe, J.F.B. Mitchell and L. Bengtsson, 1995: Comments on "Global climate change and tropical cyclones". Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. Vol. 76, No. 11, 2243-2245.

  232. Hasselmann, K., L. Bengtsson, U. Cubasch, G.C. Hegerl, H. Rodhe, E. Roeckner, H. v. Storch, R. Voss and J. Waszkewitz, 1995: Detection of anthropogenic climate change using a fingerprint method. Proc. of the Aksel Wiin-Nielsen Symposium,Copenhagen, 10-12 April 1995.

  234. Lal, M., L. Bengtsson, U. Cubasch, M. Esch and U. Schlese, 1995: Synoptic scale disturbances of Indian Summer Monsoon as simulated in a high resolution climate model. Climate Res., Vol. 5, 243-258.

  236. Manzini, E. and L. Bengtsson, 1995: Stratospheric climate and variability from a general circulation model and observations. Part II: Results for March-May, June-August, and September-November. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.164, Hamburg, 29 pp.

  238. May, W. and L. Bengtsson, 1995: On the Extratropical Response during El Niño and La Niña in the ECHAM3 General Circulation Model. Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop in College Park, Maryland. Ed. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 59-63.

  240. Renssen, H., M. Lautenschlager, L. Bengtsson and U. Schulzweida, 1995:AGCM experiments on the Younger Dryas Climate. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.173, Hamburg.



  242. Bengtsson, L., 1996: Klimatmodeller in Jordens klimat. Naturvetenskapliga forskningrådets årsbok (Swedish Natural Research Council's Yearbook), 83-96.

  244. Bengtsson, L., 1996: Climate modelling and prediction with large-scale computer models - the impact for industry and environment. In: Supercomputer Anwendungen, Architekturen, Trends. Ed. H-W Meuer, 38-55.

  246. Bengtsson, L., K. Arpe, E. Roeckner and U. Schulzweida, 1996: Climate predictability experiments with a general circulation model. Climate Dyn.12, 261-278.

  248. Bengtsson, L., M. Botzet and M. Esch, 1996: Will greenhouse gas-induced warming over the next 50 years lead to higher frequency and greater intensity of hurricanes? Tellus 48A, 57-73.

  250. Bengtsson, L., 1996: The climate response to the changing greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere. In: Decadal climate variability; dynamis and predictability. Eds.D.L.T. Anderson and J. Willebrand NATO ASI Series, Vol. I: Global Environmental Change, 44, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996, 293-332.

  252. Bengtsson, L., J.R. Eyre, G. Kirchengast, A. Hauchecorne, P. Silvestrin and P. Ingmann, 1996: Atmospheric Profiling Mission - a candidate Earth Explorer mission (report for assessment). ESA Spec. Publ. SP-1196(7), 58 p., ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Niederlande.

  254. Gorbunov, M.E., S.V. Sokolovsky and L. Bengtsson, 1996: Space refractive tomography of the atmosphere: modeling of direct and inverse problems. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.210, Hamburg.

  256. Golitsyn, G.S., K. Arpe, L. Bengtsson, L. Dümenil, A.V. Eliseev, C.K. Folland, V.A. Govorkova, V.P. Meleshko, A.V. Meshcherskaya, I.I. Mokhov, T.V. Pavlova, A.C. Renshaw and P.V. Sporyshev, 1996: The study of the atmospheric water cycle variability in eastern Europe and its association with the Caspian Sea level change. In: A. Staniforth (Ed.), Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling. Report No. 23, WMO/TD No. 734, WMO, Geneva 1996, 2.8-2.9.

  258. Gorbunov, M.E., A.S. Gurvich and L. Bengtsson, 1996: Advanced algorithms of inversion of GPS/MET satellite data and their application to reconstruction of temperature and humidity. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 211 Hamburg.

  260. Jeuken, A.B.M., P.C. Siegmund, L.C. Heijboer, J. Feichter and L. Bengtsson, 1996: On the potential of assimilating meteorological analysis in a global climate model for the purpose of model validation. J. Geophys. Res.101, 16,939-16,950.

  262. Manzini, E., and L. Bengtsson, 1996: Stratospheric climate and variability from a general circulation model and observations. Climate Dyn.12, 615-639.

  264. May, W. and L. Bengtsson, 1996: On the impact of the El Nino/Southern Oscillation phenomenon on the atmospheric circulation in the northern hemisphere extratropics. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 224, Hamburg.

  266. Ohmura A., M. Wild and L. Bengtsson, 1996: A possible change in mass balance of Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets in the coming century. J. Climate 9, 2124-2135.

  268. Ohmura A., M. Wild and L. Bengtsson, 1996: Present and future mass balance of the ice sheets simulated with GCM. Ann. of Glaciology 23, 187-193.

  270. Roeckner, E., K. Arpe, L. Bengtsson, M. Christoph, M. Claussen, L. Dümenil, M. Esch, M. Giorgetta, U. Schlese and U. Schulzweida, 1996: The atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM4: Model description and simulation of present-day climate. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 218, Hamburg.



  272. Bengtsson, L., M. Botzet and M. Esch, 1997: Numerical simulations of intense tropical storms. In: Hurricanes, Ed. H.F. Diaz, R.S. Pulwarty Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1997, 67-90.

  274. Bengtsson, L., M. Botzet and M. Esch, 1997: Reply to: Comments on "Will greenhouse gas-induced warming over the next 50 years lead to higher frequency and greater intensity of hurricanes?" by C.W. Landsea. Tellus 49A, 624-625.

  276. Bengtsson, L., 1997: A Numerical Simulation of Anthropogenic Climate Change. Ambio 26 No. 1, 58-65.

  278. Bengtsson, L., 1997: Modelling and Prediction of the Climate System. Mitteilungen der Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung, 69, 3-14.

  280. Bengtsson, L., 1997: Climate Modeling and Prediction. In: The Global Environment. Science, Technology and Management. Ed. D. Brune, D.V. Chapman, M.D. Gwynne, J. M. Pacyna. Scandinavian Science Publ., VCH 1997.

  282. Barnett, T.P., K. Arpe, L. Bengtsson, M. Ji and A. Kumar, 1997: Potential Predictability and AMIP Implications of Midlatitude Climate Variability in Two General Circulation Models. J. Climate 10, 2321-2329.

  284. Stendel, M. and L. Bengtsson, 1997: Toward monitoring the tropospheric temperature by means of a general circulation model. J. Geophys. Res. 102, 29, 779-29, 788.



  286. M. Stendel, J. R. Christy and L. Bengtsson, 1998: How representative are the surface temperature records? Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.264, Hamburg.

  288. Bengtsson, L.and H.-J. Wang, 1998: Climate System Modelling. In: Proc. of the Conference on the World Climate Research Programme. Achievements, Benefits and Challenges, Geneva 26-28 August 1997.

  290. Bengtsson, L., 1998: The hydrological cycle in present and future climate. In: Annalen der Meteorologie No. 36 Deutscher Wetterdienst. Vorhersage: Wetter, Klima, Umwelt Symposium zur Einhundertfünfzigjahrfeier des Preussischen Meteorologischen Instituts, 16.- and 17. Okt. 1997 in Berlin.

  292. Reichert, B.K., L. Bengtsson and O. Åkesson, 1998: A statistical-dynamical modeling approach for the simulation of local paleo proxy records using GCM output. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 274, Hamburg.

  294. Semenov V.A., K. Arpe, L. Bengtsson, G.S. Golitsyn, I.I. Mokhov  and P.V. Sporyshev, 1998: Association between the Caspian Sea level variablity and ENSO. Österreiche Beiträge zu Meteorologie und Geophysik, No.19, Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik, Wien. (CD-edition).

  296. May, W. and L. Bengtsson, 1998: The Signature of ENSO in the Northern Hemisphere Midlatitude Seasonal Mean Flow and High-Frequency Intraseasonal Variability. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics69(1-2), 81-100.



  298. Bengtsson, L., 1999: From short range barotropic modelling to extended range global weather prediction - a 40 year perspective. Tellus 51 A-B, 1, 13-32.

  300. Bengtsson, L., 1999: Numerical Modelling of the Earth's Climate. In: Modelling the Earth's Climate and its Variability. Les Houches, Session LXVII, 1997. Eds. W.R. Holland, S. Joussaume and F. David, Elsevier Science B.V., 139-235.

  302. Bengtsson, L., E. Roeckner and M. Stendel, 1999: Why is the global warming proceeding much slower than expected? J. Geophys. Res.104, 3865-3876.

  304. Bengtsson, L., 1999: Climate Modelling and Prediction - Achievements and Challenges. Proc. ofthe International CLIVAR Conference, Paris, December 2-4, 1998. ICPO No. 27, 59-73.

  306. Arpe, K. L. Bengtsson, G.S. Golitsyn, I.I. Mokhov, V.A. Semenov and P.V. Sporyshev, 1999: Caspian sea level variability: Long-term GCM simulations. Geophysical Research AbstractsV.1, No.2, 549.

  308. Arpe K., L. Bengtsson, G.S. Golitsyn, I.I. Mokhov, V.A. Semenov and P.V. Sporyshev, 1999: Analysis and modelling of the hydrological regime in the Caspian Sea basin. Doklady Earth Science366(4), 552-556.

  310. Giorgetta, M.A., L. Bengtsson and K. Arpe, 1999: An investigation of QBO signals in the East Asian and Indian monsoon in GCM experiments. Clim. Dyn.15, 435-450.

  312. Giorgetta, M.A. and L. Bengtsson, 1999: The potential role of the quasi-biennial oscillation in the stratosphere-troposphere exchange as found in water vapour in general circulation model experiments. J. Geophys. Res.104, 6003-6019.

  314. Reichert, B.K., L. Bengtsson and O. Åkesson, 1999: A statistical modeling approach for the simulation of local paleoclimatic proxy records using general circulation model output. J. Geophys. Res.104, 19,071-19,083.

  316. Reichert, B. K., L. Bengtsson and O. Åkesson: Simulation of Valley Glaciers Using GCM Output with a Statistical-Dynamical Modeling Approach. In: Research Activities in Atmospheric and Oceanic Modelling, Ed. H. Ritchie, CAS/JSC Working Group on Numerical Experimentation, Report No. 28, WMO/TD-No. 942, 7.54-7.55.

  318. Roeckner, E. L. Bengtsson, J. Feichter, J. Lelieveld and H. Rodhe, 1999: Transient climate change simulations with a coupled atmosphere-ocean GCM including the tropospheric sulfur cycle. J. Climate. 12, 3004-3032.



  320. L. Bengtsson and K. Arpe, 2000: Wasser im Klimasystem. In: Wasser. Eds. B. Busch and L. Förster, Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Wienand Verlag, Bonn und Köln. 116-123.

  322. L. Bengtsson and B.K. Reichert, 2000: Globaler Klimawandel und natürliche Klimavariabilität - Welche Ursachen haben sie? In: Energie und Umwelt - Wo liegen optimale Lösungen? Eds. S. Wittig and J. Wolfrum, Union der deutschen Akademien der Wissenschaften und Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg. 27-54.

  324. L. Bengtsson, 2000: Half a century of numerical weather prediction - an extraordinary scientific and technological achievement. In: Proceedings of the Second CGC/WMO Workshp on the Impact of Various Observing Systems on Numerical Weather Prediction. Toulouse, France, 6-8 March 2000. Eds. J. Pailleux and H. Böttger, 21-44.

  326. Arpe, K., L. Bengtsson, G.S. Golitsyn, I.I. Mokhov, V.A. Semenov and P.V. Sporyshev, 2000: Connection between Caspian Sea level variability and ENSO. Geophys. Res. Let., 27, 2693-2696.
  327. Hu, Z.-Z., L. Bengtsson and K. Arpe, 2000: Impact of global warming on the Asian winter monsoon in a coupled GCM. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 4607-4624. (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 300, 1999).

  329. Hu, Z.-Z., M. Latif, E. Roeckner and L. Bengtsson, 2000: Intensified Asian summer monsoon and its variablity in a coupled model forced by increasing greenhouse gas concentrations. Geophys. Res. Letters 27, No. 17, 2681-2684.
  330. Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, D.J. Gaffen, L. Bengtsson, C. Doutriaux, J.S. Boyle, M. Esch, J.J. Hnilo, P.D. Jones, G.A. Meehl, E. Roeckner, K.E. Taylor and M.F. Wehner, 2000: Interpreting Differential Temperature Trends at the Surface and in the Lower Troposphere. Science 287, 1227-1232.
  331. Stendel, M., J. R. Christy and L. Bengtsson, 2000: Assessing levels of uncertainty in recent temperature time series. Clim. Dyn., 16, 587-601.


  332. Liess, S., L. Bengtsson and K. Arpe, 2001: The Madden-Julian Oscillation in the ECHAM4/OPYC3 CGCM. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 319, Hamburg.
  333. Subm. to Clim. Dyn.
  334. Bengtsson, L., 2001: Numerical Modelling of the Energy and Water Cycle of the Baltic Sea. Meteor. Atmos. Phys. 77, 9-17.

  336. Bengtsson, L., 2001: Uncertainties of global climate prediction. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles in the Climate System. Eds. E.-D. Schulze, M. Heimann, S. Harrison, E. Holland, J. Lloyd, I. C. Prentice, D. Schimel. Academic Press San Diego, San Francisco, New York, Boston, London, Sydney, Tokyo. ISBN 0-12-631260-5.

  338. Bengtsson, L., 2001: The development of medium range forecasts. In: 50th Anniversary of Numerical Weather Prediction, Commemorative Symposium Potsdam 9-10 March 2000, Germany. Ed. A. Spekat, 119-138.

  340. Bengtsson, L., 2001: Hurricane Threats. Science 293, 440-441. (Click here for article in Science Online)

  342. L. Bengtsson and C.U. Hammer (Eds.), 2001: Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions and Climate. New York: Cambridge University Press. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-78238-4.

  344. Hu, Z.-Z., L. Bengtsson, E. Roeckner, M. Christoph, A. Bacher and J.M. Oberhuber, 2001: Impact of Global Warming on the Interannual and Interdecadal Climate Modes in a Coupled GCM. Clim. Dyn. 17, 361-374.

  346. Jin, F.-F., Z.-Z. Hu, M. Latif, L. Bengtsson and E. Roeckner, 2001: Dynamical and cloud-radiative feedbacks in El Niño and greenhouse warming. Geophys. Res. Letter 28(8), 1539-1542. (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.302, 1999).

  348. Reichert, B.K., L.Bengtsson and J. Oerlemans, 2001: Midlatitude Forcing Mechanisms for Glacier Mass Balance Investigated Using General Circulation Models. J. Climate 14, 3767-3784. (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No.310, 2000).

  350. Reichert, B.K., L. Bengtsson and J. Oerlemans, 2001: Natural Climate Variability as Indicated by Glaciers and Implications for Climate Change: A Modeling Study. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 328, Hamburg. Subm. to J. Climate.

  352. Steiner, A.K., G. Kirchengast, U. Foelsche, L. Kornblueh, E. Manzini and L. Bengtsson, 2001: GNSS Occultation Sounding for Climate Monitoring. Phys. Chem. Earth (A) Vol. 26, No. 3, 113-124.
  353. 2002

  354. Reichert, B. K., L. Bengtsson and J. Oerlemans, 2002: Recent glacier retreat exceeds internal variability. J. Climate 15(21), 3069-3081, 2002.
  355. Reichert, B.K., R. Schnur and L. Bengtsson , 2002: Global Ocean Warming tied to Anthropogenic Forcing. Geopyhs. Res. Letters 29, Vol. 11, 10.1029/2001GL013954 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 327, Hamburg.)

  357. Semenov, V. and L. Bengtsson, 2002: Secular Trends in Daily Precipitation Characteristics: Greenhouse Gas Simulation with a Coupled AOGCM. Clim. Dyn. 19, 123-140 (Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 313, Hamburg).

  359. Hagemann, S, L. Bengtsson and G. Gendt, 2002: On the determination of atmospheric water vapour from GPS measurements. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No. 340, Hamburg. Subm. to J. Geophys. Res.
  360. 2003

  361. L. Bengtsson, G. Robinson, R. Anthes, K. Aonashi, R. Bingley, P. Cannon, A. Dodson, G. Elgered, G. Gendt, R. Gurney, M. Jitai, N. Latham, C. Marquardt, C. Mitchell, M. Mlaki, J. Nash, D. Offiler, A. Rhodin, P.Silvestrin, R. Ware, R. Watson, W. Wergen, 2003: Workshop on the use of GPS measurements for water vapor determination. Acc. for publ. in Bull. of the AMS.

  363. L. Bengtsson , K., Hodges and S. Hagemann, 2003: On the determination of the global water cycle from re-analysis data. Subm. to Monthly Weather Review.

  365. L. Bengtsson , V. Semenov and O. Johannessen, 2003: The early century warming in the Arctic - A possible mechanism. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report, in print. Subm. to J. of Climate.

  367. Schneider, E., L. Bengtsson and Z. Hu, 2003: Forcing of Northern Hemisphere Climate Trends. Acc. for publ. in J. Atmos. Sciences.

  369. Semenov V. and L. Bengtsson, 2003: Modes of the wintertime Arctic temperature variability. Max-Planck-Institut für Meteorologie Report No 343, Hamburg,18 pp. Subm. to J. of Geophys. Research.