Director's Research Group

In close cooperation with the working groups of the department "The Land in the Earth System" the Director’s Research Group focuses on the role of the land surface and the terrestrial biosphere in the Earth system. Key questions are: Does the interaction between terrestrial biosphere, atmosphere and ocean amplify or stabilize global climate change - or is this interaction important only for regional and local climate? Does the biosphere - geosphere interaction lead to abrupt climate and vegetation change? How does anthropogenic land use and land cover change alter the climate? 

(Graphic credit: Dominique Donoval, MPI-M)

Plant diversity of ecosystems in arid environment like Sahara and Sahel has changed over the past several thousand years. A mathematical model suggests that plant diversity may stabilise climate – ecosystem interaction thereby leading to more gradual, fluctuating decline of taxa (coloured lines), instead of abrupt vegetation and precipitation change.   (Claussen et al., Nature Geoscience, 6, 2013).

Current Research Projects

  1. Abrupt or not abrupt? How did the Sahara develop in the past and in the future? Did the Sahara spread slowly, or did the Sahara expanded abruptly? Could the Sahara become green again? Which processes affect the stability of the atmosphere - vegetation system in this region?
  2. How does land use affect the climate of Northern Africa? How do climate change, land use change and conflict affect each other?
    (CliSAP project with Jürgen Scheffran, Univ. Hamburg)
  3. Today, tropical forests cool the climate, boreal forests warm the climate. Does this general statement hold also in a warm ice-free climate of the early Eocene, some 55 million years ago?

Members and guests of the group

Name|Position|Subject|Email
<LINK 791>Martin Claussen</LINK>|Group Leader| |<LINK martin.claussen@mpimet.mpg.de>martin.claussen@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Tim Brücher|Post-Doc|climate - land use - conflict in Norther Africa|<LINK tim.bruecher@mpimet.mpg.de>tim.bruecher@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Ulrike Port|Post-Doc, Diss. 2014|Vegetation Dynamics of the Paleocene–Eocene|<LINK ulrike.port@mpimet.mpg.de>ulrike.port@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Vivienne Groner|Doctoral student|Biodiversity and vegetation dynamics in Northern Africa|<LINK vivienne.groner@mpimet.mpg.de>vivienne.groner@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Sabine Egerer|Doctoral student|dynamics of Saharan dust transport|<LINK sabine.egerer@mpimet.mpg.de>sabine.egerer@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Gesa Bedbur|master student|urban areas and global climate|
|||
Alumni|PhDs and Post-Docs||
Sebastian Bathiany|Diss. 2012, Post-Doc 2014|Biogeochemical and biogeophysical effects of large scale changes in forest cover|<LINK sebastian.bathiany@mpimet.mpg.de>sebastian.bathiany@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Anne Dallmeyer|Diss. 2011, Post-Doc 2014|Holocene climate variability and vegetation change in monsoonal Asia|<LINK anne.dallmeyer@mpimet.mpg.de>anne.dallmeyer@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Freja Vamborg|Diss. 2011|Albedo - vegetation feedback (co-advisor: Victor Brovkin)|<LINK freja.vamborg@mpimet.mpg.de>freja.vamborg@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Juliane Otto|Diss. 2010|Holocene climate-vegetation feedback at high northern latitudes (co-advisor: Thomas Raddatz)|
Hinnerk Ries|Diss. 2010|Heterogeneous boundary layers (co-advisor: Professor H. Schlünzen, Univ. Hamburg|
Julia Pongratz|Diss. 2009|Anthropogenic land cover change and climate of the last millennium (co-advisor: Christian Reick and Thomas Raddatz)|<LINK julia.pongratz@mpimet.mpg.de>julia.pongratz@mpimet.mpg.de</LINK>
Jens Wohlfahrt|Diss. 2010|Assessment of model simulation using palaeo-botnaic reconstruction (co-advisor: Christian Reick)|