Dirk Notz


email: dirk.notz@we dont want spamzmaw.de

Fon: +49-40-41173-163

Fax: +49-40-41173-366

Room  Z-226


Mailing Address

Max Planck Institute for Meteorology

Bundesstr. 53

D-20146 Hamburg




Head of the Research Group

Sea ice in the Earth system



 The Ocean in the Earth System


Research Interests
  • Sea ice in the climate system
    • Representation of sea ice in climate models
    • Air-ice-sea interaction
    • Sensitivity studies with adjoint models
  • Physical processes in sea ice
    • Salinity evolution of sea ice
    • Properties of the ice-ocean interface
    • Melt-water fluxes through sea ice
  • Miscellaneous
    • Phase changes in multi-phase systems
    • Measurement techniques to determine the in-situ porosity of multi-phase, multi-component systems
    • Tietsche, S., D. Notz, J.H. Jungclaus, J. Marotzke (2013): Assimilation of sea-ice concentration in a global climate model–physical and statistical aspects, Ocean Sci, 9, 19-36, doi:10.5194/os-9-19-2013
    • Notz, D., F. A. Haumann, H. Haak, J. H. Jungclaus, and J. Marotzke (2013), Arctic sea-ice evolution as modeled by Max Planck Institute for meteorology's Earth system model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5, doi:10.1002/jame.20016.
    • Naumann, A. K., D. Notz, Håvik, L., and Sirevaag, A. (2012): Laboratory study of initial sea-ice growth: properties of grease ice and nilas, The Cryosphere, 6, 729-741, doi:10.5194/tc-6-729-2012.
    • Mauritsen, T., B. Stevens, E. Roeckner, T. Crueger, M. Esch, M. Giorgetta, H. Haak, J. Jungclaus, D. Klocke, D. Matei, U. Mikolajewicz, D. Notz, R. Pincus, H. Schmidt, L. Tomassini (2012), Tuning the climate of a global model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 4, M00A01, doi:10.1029/2012MS000154.

    • Notz, D. (2012), Challenges in simulating sea ice in Earth System Models. WIREs Clim Change, 3: 509–526. doi: 10.1002/wcc.189
    • Notz, D. and J. Marotzke (2012): Observations reveal external driver for Arctic sea-ice retreat, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L08502, doi:10.1029/2012GL051094
    • Hunke, E. C., D. Notz, A.K. Turner, A. K., and M. Vancoppenolle (2011): The multiphase physics of sea ice: a review for model developers, The Cryosphere, 5, 989-1009, doi:10.5194/tc-5-989-2011.
    • Levermann, A., J. Bamber, S. Drijfhout, A. Ganopolski, W. Haeberli, N.R.P. Harris, M. Huss, K. Krüger, T. M. Lenton, R.W. Lindsay, D. Notz, P. Wadhams, S. Weber (2011): Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe, Climatic Change, published online, doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0126-5.
    • Notz, D., 2009: The future of ice sheets and sea ice: between reversible retreat and unstoppable loss, Proc. Nat. Ac. Sci., 106(49), 20590-20595.
    • Wilkinson, J. P., G. DeCarolis, I. Ehlert, D. Notz, K.-U. Evers, P. Jochmann, S. Gerland, M. Nicolaus, N. Hughes, S. Kern, S. de la Rosa, L. Smedsrud, S. Sakai, H. Shen, and P. Wadhams, 2009: Ice tank experiments highlight changes in sea ice types, EOS Trans. AGU, 90(10), 81-82.
    • Notz, D. and M. G. Worster, 2009: Desalination processes of sea ice revisited, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C05006, doi:10.1029/2008JC004885. (Startet den Datei-Downloaddownload PDF)
    • Notz, D. and M. G. Worster, 2008: In situ measurements of the evolution of young sea ice,  J. Geophys. Res., 113, C03001, doi: 10.1029/2007JC004333. (download PDF)
    • Notz, D. and M. G. Worster, 2006: A 1-D enthalpy model of sea ice.  Ann. Glaciol., 44, 123-128. (download PDF)
    • Notz, D., J. S. Wettlaufer, and M. G. Worster, 2005: A non-destructive method for measuring the salinity and solid fraction of growing sea ice in situ. J. Glac., 51(172), 159-166. (download PDF)
    • Notz, D., M. G. McPhee, M. G. Worster, G. A. Maykut, K. H. Schlünzen, and H. Eicken, 2003: Impact of underwater-ice evolution on Arctic summer sea ice. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C7), 3223, doi:10.1029/2001JC00173. (download PDF)



    • Notz, D., 2005: Thermodynamic and Fluid-Dynamical Processes in Sea Ice, PhD thesis, University of Cambridge, UK. (download abstract and table of contents, send me an email if you want the complete thesis (5.5 MB))
    Public Science, Reports and Book Contributions
    • D.Notz, 2011: Sea Ice. In: S.Schneider, T. L. Root (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Climate & Weather, Oxford University Press, New York.
    • D. Notz, 2011:Kippt das Klima? In: R. Zellner (Ed.), Chemie über den Wolken, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.
    • D. Notz, 2010: Der menschengemachte Klimawandel. In: Arved Fuchs (Ed.), Blickpunkt Klimawandel, Delius Klasing, Bielefeld.
    • D. Notz, 2010: Der menschengemachte Klimawandel. In: Arved Fuchs (Ed.), Blickpunkt Klimawandel, Delius Klasing, Bielefeld.
    • D. Notz, 2007: Das Ende der Eis-Zeit? Bild der Wissenschaft plus. 9-11. (download PDF, in German)
    • D. Notz, 2006:  "Salziges Meereis - ein wunderliches Puzzleteil im globalen Klimasystem" Talk for the GKSS competition "Intelligible Science Award" (download PDF, in German))



    Curriculum vitae

    Research group leader

    since 2008: Leader of the Max-Planck Independent Junior Research Group "Sea ice in the Earth system" at the Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany



    2005-2007: "Gary-Comer-Fellow for Abrupt Climate Change" at the Max-Planck-Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg, Germany



     2002-2005: Cambridge University, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Institute for Theoretical Geophysics.

    "Thermodynamic and Fluid-Dynamical Processes in Sea Ice"



    2001: Hamburg University, Germany, and University of Washington, Seattle, USA: Diploma thesis "Prozesse der Meereisentwicklung in der sommerlichen Arktis" ("Processes of sea-ice development in the Arctic during summer")

    1999-2000: Studies of Arctic Geophysics, University Centre in Svalbard, Spitsbergen, Norway.

    1996-2001: Studies of Meteorology, Hamburg University